Site Loader
Get a Quote
Rock Street, San Francisco

Who are they?
The Rohingya are a Muslim minority population living mainly in the state of Arakan, in Myanmar (Burma). Although approximately 800,000 Rohingya live in Myanmar, and apparently their ancestors were in the country for centuries, the Burmese government does not recognize Rohingya people as citizens. People without a state, the Rohingya face harsh persecution in Myanmar, and in refugee camps in neighboring Bangladesh and Thailand as well.

What is their history?

We Will Write a Custom Essay Specifically
For You For Only $13.90/page!


order now

We Will Write a Custom Essay Specifically
For You For Only $13.90/page!


order now

The first Muslims to settle in Arakan were in the area by the 1400s CE. Many served in the court of the Buddhist King Narameikhla (Min Saw Mun), who ruled Arakan in the 1430s, and who welcomed Muslim advisers and courtiers into his capital. Arakan is on the western border of Burma, near what is now Bangladesh, and the later Arakanese kings modeled themselves after the Mughal emperors, even using Muslim titles for their military and court officials.In 1785, Buddhist Burmese from the south of the country conquered Arakan. They drove out or executed all of the Muslim Rohingya men they could find; some 35,000 of Arakan’s people likely fled into Bengal, then part of the British Raj in India.As of 1826, the British took control of Arakan after the First Anglo-Burmese War (1824-26). They encouraged farmers from Bengal to move to the depopulated area of Arakan, both Rohingyas originally from the area and native Bengalis. The sudden influx of immigrants from British India sparked a strong reaction from the mostly-Buddhist Rakhine people living in Arakan at the time, sowing the seeds of ethnic tension that remain to this day.When World War II broke out, Britain abandoned Arakan in the face of Japanese expansion into Southeast Asia. In the chaos of Britain’s withdrawal, both Muslim and Buddhist forces took the opportunity to inflict massacres on one another. Many Rohingya still looked to Britain for protection, and served as spies behind Japanese lines for the Allied Powers. When the Japanese discovered this connection, they embarked on a hideous program of torture, rape and murder against the Rohingyas in Arakan. Tens of thousands of Arakanese Rohingyas once again fled into Bengal.Between the end of World War II and General Ne Win’s coup d’etat in 1962, the Rohingyas advocated for a separate Rohingya nation in Arakan. When the military junta took power in Yangon, however, it cracked down hard on Rohingyas, separatists and non-political people alike. It also denied Burmese citizenship to the Rohingya people, defining them instead as stateless Bengalis.

What is the rohingya crisis ??
The mass evacuation from Myanmar’s northern Rakhine state began Aug. 25 after a group of Rohingya militants attacked police outposts and a military base, killing a dozen officers. The military responded with what it deemed “clearance operations” to root out fighters it said might be hiding in villages. As a result, hundreds of thousands of Rohingya have escaped the military crackdown and vigilante attacks that have burned villages and killed hundreds.

worlds perspective
The United States said it is “deeply troubled” by the Myanmar crisis. White House spokeswoman Sarah Huckabee Sanders said the Trump administration continues to condemn the violence between Rohingya Muslims and Myanmar security forces.Iran’s Supreme Leader strongly denounced the killing of Muslims in Myanmar. Ayatollah Ali Khamenei said the deaths of Rohingya Muslims is a political disaster for Myanmar because it is being carried out by a government led by Nobel Peace Prize laureate Aung San Suu Kyi. He called her a “brutal woman.”
Why is aung san kyi under siege?
Suu Kyi faces criticism worldwide from those who say the pro-democracy Peace Prize winner is guilty of the very repression she spent decades combating.

The de facto leader of Myanmar fought back last week by calling reports of genocide against her country’s Rohingya minority “fake news” and the “tip of a huge iceberg of misinformation.”
Her comments were in a readout of a call she had with Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan that was posted on the Facebook page of Myanmar’s state counselor, Suu Kyi’s official title. She said “fake” news and photographs of the crisis were being used to promote the interest of “terrorists.”
She also claimed during the call that her government was working to protect the rights of the Rohingya.
“We know very well, more than most, what it means to be deprived of human rights and democratic protection,” Suu Kyi said. “So we make sure that all the people in our country are entitled to protection of their rights as well as, the right to, and not just political but social and humanitarian defense.”

A Summary of the devestating Genocide
Her comments were in a readout of a call she had with Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan that was posted on the Facebook page of Myanmar’s state counselor, Suu Kyi’s official title. She said “fake” news and photographs of the crisis were being used to promote the interest of “terrorists.”
She also claimed during the call that her government was working to protect the rights of the Rohingya.
“We know very well, more than most, what it means to be deprived of human rights and democratic protection,” Suu Kyi said. “So we make sure that all the people in our country are entitled to protection of their rights as well as, the right to, and not just political but social and humanitarian defense.”
What should be done
First, every world leader who meets with Suu Kyi should, in joint public appearances, call on the Myanmar government to allow journalists and aid organizations freedom to travel and work throughout Rakhine State. Right now, many aid workers and journalists are being restricted from traveling throughout Rakhine State, despite the need for more information about the crisis and for assistance to people who have not fled to Bangladesh.
Second, world leaders need to put as much pressure on the head of the Myanmar military, which is really in charge of the situation in Rakhine State, as they do on Suu Kyi. The military commander-in-chief, who has begun building ties with a range of European and Asian democracies, should be questioned just as forcefully as Suu Kyi by foreign leaders. In fact, he should be pushed even harder, as his military operates with minimal civilian oversight.
Third, enforcing the United Nations Security Council and the Inetrnational Court f justice is extremely important to tackle this problem as well as aprehend these vio;ent war criminals.

Post Author: admin

x

Hi!
I'm Lillian

Would you like to get a custom essay? How about receiving a customized one?

Check it out
x

Hi!
I'm Camille!

Would you like to get a custom essay? How about receiving a customized one?

Check it out