What was the Senate?
The Ancient Roman Senate was a high-power organisation that portrayed as a government during the unforgettable era of the Roman Empire. Consuls and Censors were the two primary roles of employment that oversaw the Senate. Both divisions had diverse responsibilities; Consuls held the most glorified elected political authority and anyone who owned the label of consulship was deemed as the most influential members of the ministry. These highly honoured legislators directed the Ancient Roman Military, performed the role of board advisors and were the chairmen of the Senate. Censors were the magistrates who were in charge of registering citizens, properties and dealing with public cultures, decency and events. Despite the Consuls and Censors owning majority of the subjects spoken in the Senate, the lower-class roles (Praetors, Tribunes and Plebeians) assisted in handling taxes and finances.
How did the Roman Senate Influence our Modern Society?
Would you believe that multiple administrative agencies around the globe operate their systems partly based on the Ancient Roman Senate? In defiance of the fact Ancient Rome was a republic, it’s Senate executed several democratic ways including debating/arguing statements, voicing one-another’s opinion, having judges observing each conference and making the final decision and electing politicians into power. As stated above, these procedures made numerous impacts to present-day governments and councils in countries consisting of Australia, Canada, the USA and of course, Italy.
What was the Role of the Roman Senate in Ancient Rome?
Surviving through the fall of the Roman Republic and the birth of the Roman Empire, the Senate was identified as SPQR. SPQR symbolises a Latin phrase meaning Senatus Populusque Romanus. When translated to English, it interprets to: Senate and Roman People. Since being a significant key to the continuation of the Roman Empire as it made vital decisions involving war, housing and approving general city construction consisting of Aqueducts, Amphitheatres and various modes of transport like bridges and roads, many believe the Roman Empire wouldn’t have lasted over 100 years without it. All legal decrees decided by the Senate were obviously strictly followed by all the Roman Citizens, and if anyone neglected any, they would be treated with a punishment that would now seem to cruel to propose. The punishments would often consist of unpleasant slavery, starvation and even murder! The proclamations could only ever be aborted if majority of the Senate voted to do so.
Daily Life and Advantages
Being involved in the Senate granted various privileges to those of high power. All members of the Senate (except for the Plebeians) has seats reserved for them at all public celebrations, performances and ceremonies, but also at all Amphitheatre showdowns. Day-to-day life for the individuals involved in High-Court roles was very luxurious as it consisted of living in elegant manors, having slaves attend to all household chores and owning stacks of money. If any member of the Senate was to disregard their duty by not attending a meeting/conference (without an excuse) would be given harsh punishments containing of a hefty fine, dispossession of belonging and even loss of property! The penalties were charges by the Consuls and laws ere put forward against the offender until the fine was paid. The disciplinary ways weren’t submitted if the Senator was over the age of 60, as they could then decide on if the attended a hearing or not.
Creating laws, registering citizens and managing public events, the Ancient Roman Senate assisted with the impressive endurance of the Roman Empire. Influencing our modern society with democratic techniques, the Senate was recognised as SPQR.
BY EMILY NEWTON