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Rock Street, San Francisco

Vanessa Pinedo
ENG 3000
Professor Lyons
Essay 1: Rhetorical Analysis: 2nd Draft 16 September 2018
Rhetorical Analysis of “Egg Heads”
The article “Egg Heads” by Kathryn Lopez mainly describes a big issue that is occurring during the year of 1998. T—that issue being women are commonly selling their eggs to make more money. Lopez goes into deep detail about the arising issue at hand, easily relates to it with different stories and past experiences, as well as uses different techniques to really try and get her reasoning out to the readers. Kathryn Lopez uses both public and personal cases to tell of her extensive research in order to help readers identify her creditability. Through Ethos, Pathos and Logos, Lopez explains detailed cases, and relatability within her stories in which relate to her main reasoning of the article. 
As Lopez uses a great number of stories and examples to back up all of her reasonings, she tends to use a lot of Ethos. Ethos being credibility. Not just by stating her name at the end and the date the article was published, but her stories that she explains in relations to the article itself are real and happened to actual people in this country. I think that while reading “Egg Heads,”, I really got a sense that I almost “knew” or had met the people each scenario and story that Lopez used. One great example would be just within the first few sentences of the article when Lopez talks about a group of young women go to a New Jersey Fertility Clinic and who are getting ready to donate their eggs. Lopez explains, in depth where exactly these women went, and that being a real place within the United States. Lopez also goes in depth with other stories, describing an IVF Clinic in New York, Indiana, and Ivy League Schools. Another way that Lopez uses Ethos throughout her article is simply by telling the readers when the article was published or written. Lopez applies credibility to herself when she posts the publishing date underneath the article title, that being September 1st, 1998. Along with this, Lopez states where the article is posted exactly. As readers, we now know this article is a segment out the National Review, a political and editorial magazine. In conclusion to this, I do believe that Lopez did a great job trying to bring out the credibility within her article, all while being able to thoroughly explain everything and incorporate everything in detail.
While telling true stories and relating as much as she can with the mentioned real-world events, Lopez tries to also bring in an emotional appeal to the article by using Pathos throughout the article itself. One example that I found in the article that related to this the most was the story in the article pertaining to William Kane leaving his girlfriend a certain amount of sperm, right before he killed himself in Las Vegas. I think with this story and example that Lopez uses the death of William as a perfect and emotional example to try and really get to the readers. I think reading this part of the article sort of makes you think “why did he kill himself after giving her his sperm?” or “what made him kill himself?”. Things like this leave readers not only emotionally sad but questioning the article as well. One other example I found that really had an emotional curve on readers was when Lopez was describing, in detail, the process of the egg donation, and comparing it to sperm donation. The way she describes it by saying things such as “A doctor then surgically removes the eggs from the donor’s ovary and fertilizes them with the designated sperm” (Lopez, 1998). I think when Lopez goes into detail with things like this throughout the article, I feel that it brings readers in a little bit, makes them more interested, and it can easily be emotional for readers who are considering donating their eggs because they might not know how the process goes. Plenty of times, throughout the article, the author uses many different ways of pathos to try and relate to the readers on an emotional standpoint. I think Lopez not only does an excellent job of this, but it is very hard for authors to get emotional with the readers only in an article about a social issue like this, however, Lopez did succeed at that.

When Lopez explains certain things throughout the article, she not only tries to be as credible as she can, but she tends to use a lot of logic that people and readers can easily relate to and find as well. I personally think that Logos and Ethos are very similar in a few different ways. Yes, Ethos is something we use to find the credibility within a piece, but I do also believe that the Logos, or logic, behind certain things is also trying to “prove” something as well. Mostly everything that Lopez mentions in the article seems to be very logical. It is easily correlated with what she is trying to say throughout the article, and she uses a lot of examples throughout her article that are all true or real and that are not made up. I think this was the best way for Lopez to try and put logical things in the article, as it did all go together. One example I found in the article where Lopez uses Logos would be when she states “But it’s good money — and getting better. New York’s Brooklyn IVF raised its “donor compensation” from $2,500 to $5,000 per cycle earlier this year in order to keep pace with St. Barnabas Medical Center in nearby Livingston, New Jersey” (Lopez, 1998). I think not just the facts pertaining to this particular sentence, but the sentence itself, using numbers and a real place within the U.S, easily tells the readers that not only is she being honest, but logical as well, by saying “But it’s good money…”. One other example that I thought was perfect and correlated well with Logos was when Lopez states “Within the walls of IVF New Jersey and at least two hundred other clinics throughout the United States, young women answer the call to give “the gift of life” to infertile couples” (Lopez, 1998). I think when Lopez states something like this, she is not being biased about anything. I think she is being perfectly reasonable when it comes to saying “yes, this could be a good thing for couples”, but also “yes, this could be a bad thing for young girls to give into something like this”.
In the article “Egg Heads” by author, Kathryn Lopez, she goes into deep detail about the donating of eggs from women. She not only compares the process between women and men, but she also gives real life examples and stories for readers to easily get an idea of what Lopez is trying to say. By using Ethos, Pathos, and Logos all throughout the article, Lopez really tries to get her point across to readers. I think she does a great job of using these real-life stories, real people, and real places to make her story and article seem more credible and relatable for the readers.

Lopez, Kathryn Jean. “Egg heads: young women in need of cash are increasingly deciding to sell their bodies.” National Review 1 Sept. 1998: 26+. Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Web. 22 Feb. 2015.

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