1.2 The effects of discrimination can be psychological or physical, an individual who is being discriminated against, whether it is age, race, sex, sexual orientation or religion is more likely to develop depression, stress and anxiety. Sometimes, people’s stress levels may rise just of the thought of discrimination, even if they are not experiencing harassment at the time, their feelings of self-confidence, self-esteem and self-worth decline as they are repeatedly insulted, ignored and excluded from social events, this also carries over to the workplace, where individuals may be passed over for a raise or promotion due to their age, race, sex, sexual orientation or religion. People who have been discriminated against may turn to alcohol or drugs as a way to cope. The physical effects of discrimination can include a change in eating habits, sleeplessness, loss or gain of weight, deterioration of health, ulcers, lack of personal hygiene, lack of energy and overall poor health. Discrimination also leads to a poor quality of life to the individual that is being discriminated against.
2.1 Legislation and codes of practice relating to equality diversity and discrimination apply to my work role because I care for a range of vulnerable individuals many who are unable to complain when they feel something is wrong and it is my duty to be aware and uphold their human rights and ensure nobody is discriminated against in any way. Legislation relating to equality diversity and discrimination include The Equality Act 2010. This law bans unfair treatment and helps achieve equal opportunities in the workplace protected characteristics include age, disability, gender reassignment, marriage and civil partnership, pregnancy and maternity, race, religion or belief, sex, sexual orientation.