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The name „Pakistan” was used in 1933 for the first time in a political pamphlet called Now or Never. A student named Rahmat Ali came up with the name, which is the combination of many regions that make up Pakistan. P is for Punjab, “A” is for Afghania, “K” is for Kashmir, “S” is for Sindh and “TAN” is for Balochistan. Pakistan has a rich history. The land was first part of the Indus Valley civilisation, this civilization flourished until 1500 BCE. Later was invaded by numerous empires and civilization, mostly from the west. These includes Persians, Greeks, Arabs and Turks. In the 18th century the British came to the area of Pakistan. In 1947 British split up India into three parts: India, Pakistan and East Pakistan (Bangladesh).
Pakistan was the first region of South Asia to be fully impacted by Islam and has developed distinct Islamic identity, historically different from areas further east, but there are also members of several minority religions who live there, including Hindus, Christians, Sikhs and Buddhists.
Pakistan is geographically attached to West, Central Asia and South. Country has the second largest salt mine in the world, fifth largest gold mine, seventh largest copper mine, fifth largest coal reserves, seventh largest wheat and rice production capacity and is eight in the rankings of fresh water availability with 2.053 cubic meters of water per person in 1995. Therefore Pakistan is among riches countries in the world, but the nation is still poor.
According to some researchers, 40% Pakistanis live in poverty. A majority of the rural population (54,6%) lives in acute poverty while this ratio is 9,4% in urban areas. The more alarming indicator is the intensity of poverty, as each poor person lacks access to half of the indicators selected for measuring poverty. The MPI findings show 60.6% of Pakistan’s population does not have access to cooking fuel, 48.5% do not complete schooling, almost four out of every 10 people (39%) do not have any assets and over 38% of the population lives in a one-room shelter. About one-third population does not have access to health facilities.
The biggest problem of Pakistan is poverty, which is the cause of crime and social disorder. Another problem is literacy, which is very low. It means that most of the people are not educated and they are not able to adopt technology for their business needs. Under such low conditions of business education, business does not meet international standards and the result is poor economic condition.
Another problem is health. Pakistan has the third highest rate in the world when it comes to infant mortality. More than 60 Million people are living below the poverty line in Pakistan and those people cannot meet their basic needs. Diseases are very common because they lack the resources to maintain a healthy living environment. Hygiene conditions are very low. In general, people living in poverty cannot afford medicines to treat illnesses.
On the list of problems are Corruption and Elitism in the Government, lack of democratic ideals, religious and secular conflict.
In Pakistan, poverty is increasing day by day. The government should take effective steps in order to reduce poverty.

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