The American Nursing Association defines nursing as “the protection, promotion, and optimization of health and abilities, prevention of illness and injury, alleviation of suffering through the diagnosis and treatment of human response, and advocacy in the care of individuals, families, communities, and populations” (American Nurses Association website, 2015). I believe this encompasses the basis of nursing. The metaparadigm theories that define the practice of nursing are four concepts identified as person, health, nursing, and environment. The ANA addresses physical, psychological and sociological aspects of holistically providing for those in need.
Nurses provide care to many individuals from different backgrounds. Regardless of race, sex, or economic status nursing responsibility remains the same. Human caring as the moral ideal of nursing is the general focus of the practice. It involves concern and empathy, and a commitment to the client’s lived experiences.