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STUDENT INDUSTRIAL PROJECT REPORT (IDB 3047)
14th May 2018 – 17th August 2018
At

SMC GLOBAL ENGINEERING SDN BHD
SETTING OUT & VERTICALITY OF COLUMN
Student Name : Wan Norsyahida bt Wan Adnan
Matric No. : 21751
Programme : Civil Engineering
HC Supervisor : Cik Anis Farhah bt Maidin
UTP Supervisor : AP Dr Madzlan Napiah
-59055-118745HOST COMPANY’S VERIFICATION STATEMENT
-8953530480
I hereby verify that this report was written by Wan Norsyahida Wan Adnan and all information regarding this company and the projects involved are NOT confidential.

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Host Company Supervisor’s Signature & Stamp : Name : Anis Farhah bt MaidinDesignation : Site Engineer
Host Company’s : SMC Global Engineering Sdn BhdDate : ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
 
The internship opportunity I had with SMC Global Engineering Sdn. Bhd. for about four months was a great chance for learning and professional development. Therefore, I consider myself as a very lucky individual as I was provided with an opportunity to be a part of it. I am also grateful for having a chance to meet so many wonderful people and professionals who led me through this internship period.

Bearing in mind previous I am using this opportunity to express my deepest gratitude and special thanks to the Chairman and Project Manager of SMC Global Engineering Sdn. Bhd. who in spite of being extraordinarily busy with his duties, took time out to hear, guide and keep me on the correct path and allowing me to carry out my project at their esteemed organization and extending during the training.

I express my deepest thanks to Ms. Anis Farhah, Site Engineer and also my Supervisor for taking part in useful decision ; giving necessary advices and guidance and arranged all facilities to make life easier. I choose this moment to acknowledge her contribution gratefully.

It is my radiant sentiment to place on record my best regards, deepest sense of gratitude to Mrs. Norashiekin (Site Safety Supervisor), Ms. Hanis Syahirah (Practical Student), Mr. Ali (Architect), Hj. Talib (Consultant), Ms. Nur Farahim (Clerk) and Ms. Nor Emirra (Accountant), for their careful and precious guidance which were extremely valuable for my study both theoretically and practically.

I perceive as this opportunity as a big milestone in my career development. I will strive to use gained skills and knowledge in the best possible way, and I will continue to work on their improvement, in order to attain desired career objectives. Hope to continue cooperation with all of you in the future.

TABLE OF CONTENTS
HOST COMPANY’ VERIFICATION STATEMENT……………………………. ii
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY………………………………………………………….. iii
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT…………………………………………………………… iv
TABLE OF CONTENTS ……………………………………………………………. v
LIST OF FIGURES………………………………………………………………….. vi
LIST OF TABLES …………………………………………………………………… vi
INDUSTRIAL PROJECT REPORT CHAPTER 1: ABSTRACT……..…………………………………………………… 7
1.1 Introduction 9
1.2 Problem statement 10
1.3 Objective 10
1.4 Methodology 11
1.4.1 Machinery and Equipment 11
1.4.2 Manpower 11
1.4.3 Work Sequence Flow 12
1.4.4 Sequence of Works – Reinforcement Bar 13
1.4.5 Hazard Identification, Risk Assessment and Control 14
1.4.6 Emergency and Rescue Procedure 14
1.5 Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) 15
1.6 Provision of PPE 15
1.7 Contractor Responsibility 15
1.8 Results and Conclusion 16
CHAPTER 2: INTRODUCTION..………………………………………………….. 17
2.1 Background of study 2.2 Problem statement CHAPTER 3: OBJECTIVE………….……………………………………………… 3.1 Skills gained CHAPTER 4: LITERATURE REVIEW…………………………………………… 4.1 Literature Review CHAPTER 5: METHODOLOGY…………………………………………………………….. 5.1 Methods and Tools 5.2 Project Activities 5.3 Gantt Chart and Milestone CHAPTER 6: RESULTS AND DISCUSSION……………………………………………….. 6.1 Results and Discussion CHAPTER 7: CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS………………………… 7.1 Conclusion 7.2 Recommendation REFERENCES AND CITATIONS…………………………………………………. viii
APPENDICES………………………………………………………………………… ix
LIST OF FIGURES
Figure No. Title Page No.

1 Formwork of the rectangular column, circular column and RC wall 8
2 Verticality check using a center plumb 17
3 24
4 24
5 24
6 Optical plumbing 26
7 A drain is to be set out from the following information 27
8 Example 28
9 Relative monitoring 29
10 Plumb – Bob Tool 36
11 Checking Verticality of Structural Elements 36
12 Checking Verticality of Column 37
13 Spirit Level 37
14 Checking Verticality Using Theodolite 38
15 Checking Column Verticality Using Theodolite 39
16 Optical Plummet 40
17 Optical Plummet to Check Structure Verticality 40
LIST OF TABLES
CHAPTER 1: ABSTRACT
-4785375090
Formwork is used to hold the concrete in any structural element before hard it. The weight of the wet concrete is higher than the dry concrete. Therefore the formwork should be strong enough to carry the load of the wet concrete. So also formwork should be free of voids and concrete or grout should not be going out from the formwork. So also it should be straight enough to maintain the shape of the structural element and can be withstand against the vibration of the equipment used. Therefore the form work is very important in the concreting works.

“Doka” formwork is used as the formwork of the rectangular columns and walls of the building and steel formwork is used as the formwork in the circular columns of the building.  Before fixing the columns and walls formwork reinforcement need to be well positioned and cleaned. If steel are corroded it is need to wire brushed those bars. To have a proper construction joint the slab or kicker should be hacked out and need to remove the grout from the top surface of the concrete. Then all the grout and rust should be removed thoroughly using the vacuum and water in order to provide a proper bond with concrete. After getting approval for the reinforcement and hacking of the concrete take the formwork panels cover the reinforcement to provide the formwork for the column or wall. Then using the jacks and thread bars the formwork were properly fixed. Then using the plumbs formwork makes vertical in both four direction. In this case it is need to have two plumbs for a direction. In the verticality inspection each and every column and wall were checked before concreting for verticality. So also need to check the size and the positioning of the formwork. To do that they used the marking that marked by the survey team.  In the circular columns contractor used steel formwork and due that the shape of the column is not change as normal formwork.

Figure 1: Formwork of the rectangular column, circular column and RC wall
INTRODUCTION
RAFTA BINA SDN BHD the contractor doing the work, employers. Employees and their representatives will consult with each other and determine the provision of all safe guards. The consultation process will be use during the planning and preparation stages to determine safe system of works based on the assesment of the risk. Structural engineers will be involved in the consultation process when appropriate.

The consultation process will at least cover the following:
Existing conditions of ground level
Nature of the works and other related activities
Interaction with other trades
Work place access
Management of Surrounding vehicular traffic and ground vibration
Work force safety
Type of equipment
Compliance with all HSE Regulation
PROBLEM STATEMENT
Planning and preparation will be the first essential step in ensuring that the work done safely. Where appropriate, the advice of Resident engineer will sought before starting the reinforcement bar works. RBSB and the sub-contractor in their capacity as employers will:
Provide such information, instruction, training and supervision as may necessary to ensure the health and safety of his employees;
andProvide and maintain of access to and egress from the work place safe and without risk.

OBJECTIVE
RBSB will plan for the works done safely. The main contractor will ensure that a site-specific occupational health and safety management plan is prepared and documented for each place works where concreting works being carried out.

The plan will be maintained and up to date during the course of the excavation works. Before rebar works start. RBSB in consultation with the sub-contractor doing the work will at least consider:
An assessment of the risk involved in carrying out the work
The most appropriate method to prevent any risk of injury
An assessment to the conditions existing ground level
Provide suitable and safe access for the work place
METHODOLOGY
Machinery and Equipment
For Concreting
Mobile crane
Backhoe
Lorry / Dump Truck
Marking Tools
Bar Cutter
Bar Bending Machine
Tools set
Manpower
For Earthwork
Project Manager
Site Engineer
Site Safety Supervisor
Foreman / Site Supervisor
Plant / Machine Operator
General Worker
BarbenderWork Sequence Flow
161734552705START
START

233172014605000
1274445254635MATERIAL APPROVAL
MATERIAL APPROVAL

233172012890500
1274445237490CHECKING
CHECKING

233172011176000
1274445220345CONSTRUCTION DWG
CONSTRUCTION DWG

23317209525000
1217295203835MEASUREMENT/MARKING
0MEASUREMENT/MARKING

23317207810500
1274445186690CUT THE BAR
CUT THE BAR

23317206096000
1274445169545FIX
FIX

23317204381500
1274445152400INSPECTION
INSPECTION

23412452667000
1655445135255FINISH
FINISH

Sequence of Works – Reinforcement Bar
Submit Request for Work Inspection (RFWI) to inform the works to be carrying out and briefing to be conduct to explain the activity.

PREPARATORY WORKS
Obtain Relevant approved construction drawings from client / client’s representative.

Carry out receiving inspection using Material Receiving Inspection Checklist.

File completed Material Receiving Inspection Checklist as per Project Filing Index.

WORK METHODOLOGY
Cut the bars to the required length and bend to the required dimensions and shape.

Place the required spacer blocks or chair for the reinforcement on formwork.

Arrange the steel bars at the required space as per drawings and tie the steel bars together using wire mesh.

Ensure proper lapping and sufficient lap length as per specifications.

Submit Request for Inspection Form for joint inspection with client / client’s representative using Structural Work (Reinforcement / Concrete) Inspection Checklists.

On completion of joint inspection, request client / client’s representative to sign on the checklist and file as per Project Filing Index.

Hazard Identification, Risk Assessment and Control
Hazard Identification Risk Assessment and control process will be carrying out by the contractor in consultation with the main contractor to determine if person at risk. Safe system of works will then to be place to control the risk. The identification of the hazards associated with staging and false work, the risk control measures will documented.

Emergency and Rescue Procedure
The contractor will ensure that, in the event of emergency, adequate arrangements made to ensure the safety of workers and other persons on site. The emergency may result from an accident or injury, landslip or other potentially dangerous occurrence. The contractor will plan for such matters and ensure that appropriate control measures are in place.

PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT (PPE)
The use of PPE to control hazards and risk is the lowest on the hierarchy of control measures. Control measures selected from the highest level possible and adopted where practicable. The measures at the lower levels are less effective and they require frequent reviews of the hazards and system of work.

PROVISION OF PPE
Before commencing any works, the main contractor and/or sub-contractors will identified any conditions likely to affect the health and safety of persons. If other means of control measures are not practical, the provision and used of appropriate PPE that follows HSE regulations will be arrange. Employee will be train so that they are competent. There will be sufficient supervision and monitoring conducted to ensure compliance.

CONTRACTOR RESPONSIBILITY
The contractor has an obligation to take reasonable care for the health and safety of the other persons in the place of work and to cooperate with their employer in the interest of health, safety and welfare. Employees will use appropriate protective equipment for the work performed.

RESULTS AND CONCLUSION
The results of this project is not fully shown as it is confidential and still in progress, but some of the result is taken for author to get some idea on how the installation of formwork process. Relevant parameters, -procedures, equipment used, and-quality controls are also addressed in-order-to achieve a better understanding on how a construction develop. This construction-was not the only-aspect to take-into consideration, as the results of the quality control, safety, health and environment were-also important elements for a better characterization-of the problems-that may arise in constructions site.”
CHAPTER 2: INTRODUCTION
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Formwork is a temporary structural system, which provides the casing and supporting to the wet concrete to get the required shape. It should be stabled with the weight of the concrete, reinforcement, and other live loads during the construction and compacting of concreting.
After constructing the formwork for columns it is necessary to check for correct verticality before concreting.
For small scale formworks a simple center plumb can be used to check the verticality.

Figure 2 : verticality check using a center plumb
Two center plumbs and a steel tape is required for this process. Center plumbs were hanged at two positions in the same plane with a known distance of 150 mm measured from the inner surface of the plywood sheet(or steel formwork). The distance from the plywood sheet to the thread of the center plumb is measured  using the steel tape at both top and the bottom of the form work.

Calculations for a plywood formwork is as follows.

Offset distance from the column edge = 150 mm
Plywood thickness = 12 mm
Distance between the plywood and the plumb = 150 – 12
= 138 mm
If the verticality of the column is accurate the distance between the plywood and the center plumb thread should be 138 mm everywhere. Jack supports or locking systems of the formwork can be adjusted to obtain the correct vertiality in case of a mismatch.

2.1 Background of study
Vertical shortening in tall buildings would be of little concern if all vertical elements shortened evenly. However, vertical elements such as walls and columns may shorten different amounts due to different service axial stress levels. With height, the differential shortening may become significant and impact the strength design and serviceability of the building. Sometimes column transfer or other vertical structural irregularities may cause differential shortening. If differential shortening is not addressed properly, it can impact the serviceability of the building. This paper takes the perspective of a structural engineer in planning the design, predicting the shortening and its effects, and communicating the information to the contractor.

2.2 Problem statement
The main cause of vertical shortening in tall buildings is the compression of vertical elements under the load they carry. This is known as elastic shortening. In reinforced concrete buildings, creep and shrinkage of the concrete cause additional shortening of vertical elements beyond the elastic shortening. Foundation settlements and deflections of structural transfers technically are not shortening, but they may contribute to the perceived shortening of vertical elements. Their effects should be considered where appropriate.

CHAPTER 3: OBJECTIVE
-4785375090
Setting out is the establishment of marks and lines to determine the position and level of the elements from construction project so that works may proceed with reference to them.

The new structure must be correct in all three dimensions both relatively and absolutely.

I.e. at correct level, size, plan and position.

Once setting out begins it must proceed swiftly with little delay so that costs can be minimized.
Techniques used to achieve these aims are based on three general principles.

Horizontal control points must be established within or near the design area.
Vertical control (bench marks) must be within or near the design area.

Accurate positioning techniques must be adopted to establish design points from horizontal and vertical control
3.1 Scope of work
Important Considerations in Setting Out.Recording and filling information, booking etc. for easy accuracy.

Care of instruments; check instruments before work commences and at regular intervals.

Maintaining accuracy, design points must be set from the control network and from other points to avoid cumulative errors.

Regular site inspections, to detect missing pegs i.e. a peg may be disturbed or replaced without the surveyor being informed, control should be permanently and clearly marked and protected.

Error detection – Apply independent checks *N.B – Nothing is gained hiding errors; therefore errors detected must be corrected at an early stages.

Communication on site – Lack of it cause errors, the surveyors need to understand what needs to be done before doing it.

Setting out in General
Methods used for setting out are generally simple but difficulties are often inaccurate there are no hard and fast rules but there are a few general factors that must be observed i.e. complete checking of your work. Where closing errors cannot be determined, a peg must be coordinated from at least two points using independent data.

Setting Out of Detail Points.Basic Tasks
Setting Out of a point
Setting Out of a line
Prolongation of a line
Setting Out of Angles
Setting out of lines disturbed by obstacles.

The most commonly used methods are
Orthogonal co-ordinates (Offsets)
Polar co-ordinates.

Intersections (Angle of Intersection 30o <<150o)
Linear Intersections (ties)
For Vertical Control the basic tasks are:
Transfer of height
Setting out a horizontal line.

Setting out a gradient line.

Setting out a contour line.

The methods used are
Ordinary levelling
Projected heights (e.g. in Mining Surveying)
Trig HeightingThe Use of grids
Many Structures consist of steel reinforced steel columns supporting floor slabs. These columns are usually at right angles to each other. Setting out is generally facilitated by the use of a grid where the grid interactions define the positions of columns.

There are three main types of grids.

Survey Grid- this is the rectangular co-ordinate system on which the original topographic survey is carried out and plotted i.e. the National System or local system.

Site grid- this defines the position and direction of the main building lines of the project. In order to set out the sight grid it may be convenient to translate the coordinates of the sight grid to those of the survey grid.

34290005016500
Y =Y + Y1Cos-X1Cos
X= X+X1Cos+Y1Sin
Where = relative rotation of the two grids.

Y, X = difference in Y and X of the respective grid origins.

Y1, X1 = Coordinates of the point on the sight grid.

Y, X = Coordinates of the point on the survey grid.

Structural Grid- This is used to locate the position of structural elements within the structure.

Controlling Verticality
We have three main methods.

Using a plumb-bob
In low-rise construction a heavy plumb-bob (5 to 10 kg) may be used as shown in Figure 4. If the external wall was perfectly vertical then, when the plumb-bob coincides with the centre of the peg, distance d at the top level would equal the offset distance of the peg at the base. This concept can be used internally as well as externally, provided that holes and openings are available.

Using a theodolite
If two centre-lines/ at right angles to each other are carried vertically up a structure as it is being built, accurate measurement can be taken off these lines and the structure as a whole will remain vertical. Where site conditions permit, the stations defining the ‘base figure’ (four per line) are placed in concrete well clear of construction (Figure 5(o)). Lines stretched between marks fixed from the pegs will allow offset measurements to locate the base of the structure. As the structure rises the marks can be transferred up onto the walls by theodolite, as shown in Figure 5(b), and lines stretched between them. It is important that the transfer is carried out on both faces of the instrument. Where the structure is circular in plan the centre may be established as in Figure 5(d) and the radius swung out from a pipe fixed vertically at the centre. As the structure rises, the central pipe is extended by adding more lengths. Its verticality is checked by two theodolites (as in Figure 5(b)) and its rigidity ensured by supports fixed to scaffolding.

The vertical pipe may be replaced by laser beam or auto plumb, but the laser would still need to be checked for verticality by theodolites. Steel and concrete columns may also be checked for verticality using the theodolite. By string lining through the columns, positions A -A and B – B may be established for the theodolite (Figure 6); alternatively, appropriate offsets from the structural grid lines may be used. With instrument set up at A, the outside face of all the uprights should be visible. Now cut the outside edge of the upright at ground level with the vertical hair of the theodolite. Repeat at the top of the column. Now depress the telescope back to ground level and make a fine mark; the difference between the mark and the outside edge of the column is the amount by which the column is out of plumb. Repeat on the opposite face of the theodolite. The whole procedure is now carried out at B. If the difference exceeds the specified tolerances the column will need to be corrected.

864870165100Plumb Line
Bolt Position
Height mark
Axes
dCalibrated spirit level
Building
dPeg
Figure 3
Figure 4
Base Figure
Structure
Figure 5
00Plumb Line
Bolt Position
Height mark
Axes
dCalibrated spirit level
Building
dPeg
Figure 3
Figure 4
Base Figure
Structure
Figure 5

Using optical plumbing
For high-rise building the instrument most commonly used is an auto plumb (Figure 10.16). This instrument provides a vertical line of sight to an accuracy of ±1 second of arc (1 mm in 200 m). Any deviation from the vertical can be quantified and corrected by rotating the instrument through 90° and observing in all four quadrants; the four marks obtained would give a square, the diagonals of which would intersect at the correct centre point.

A base figure is established at ground level from which fixing measurements may be taken. If this figure is carried vertically up the structure as work proceeds, then identical fixing measurements from the figure at all levels will ensure verticality of the structure (Figure 10.17).

Figure 6
To fix any point of the base figure on an upper floor, a Perspex target is set over the opening and the centre point fixed as above. Sometimes these targets have a grid etched on them to facilitate positioning on the marks. The base figure can be projected as high as the eighth floor, at which stage the finishing trades enter and the openings are closed. In this case the uppermost figure is carefully referenced, the openings filled, and then the base figure re-established and projected upwards as before. The shape of the base figure will depend upon the plan shape of the building. In the case of a long rectangular structure a simple base line may suffice but T shapes and Y shapes are also used.

Controlling Grading Excavations
Excavations must be controlled in the construction of sewers, roads and pipelines. Site rails and travelers are used to control the gradient of excavation. Site rails consist of horizontal timber crosspiece nailed to a single upright or a pair of uprights.
Examples:
1123956032500
Used for road construction and small diameter pipes.

-304817747000
Used in building corners.-2762255461000
Used for construction of large diameter pipes. A traveler is similar to a sight rail on singular support and
is portable.

1600202540000
Portable and length determined for a particular project.

Traveller / Boning rod
Figure 7: A drain is to be set out from the following information.

Length of drain AB: 150mInvert level @A = 64.35m
Gradient AB: 1 in 200 falling
Length of traveller: 2m
-22860027432000Calculate the staff reading necessary to locate the staff reading over AB if BS-1200m to BM with RL of 67.650m
1 in 200
BM 67.650

Figure 8: Example
Height of sight rail at A = 66.35m
HPC = 68.850m
Staff reading at A = HPC – Height of sight rail.

= 2.50m
Height difference between A-B= 1/200 X 150
= 0.75m
Invert level at B= 63.60m
Staff reading at B = HPC- ( IL + Length of Traveller)
= 68.850 –(63.600+2.00)
= 68.850- 65.600
= 3.25.

Deformation Surveys
Relative Monitoring
Control stations are subject to deformation they must be checked by measuring distances between them.

114300133350A
D2
D1
00A
D2
D1

Figure 9: Relative monitoring
Measure d1 @ time t1, measure again after some time t2. Building is monitored by checking target at A.

Absolute monitoring
Control stations are considered error free i.e. they are not subject to movement. Deformation can be checked by measuring changes in coordinates and distances.
Examples of structures.Large dams
Tall multi storey buildings
Large Bridges.

Causes of Deformation
Slope instability
Seepage
Inadequate slope protection.

Floods/ water.

Planning the survey
The essential requirement of deformation survey is long term planning
Factors to consider.Control points should be inter-visible from at least two other points.

They must be anchored on rock or at least they must be deep enough so that they are unaffected by surface movement.

They should be sufficiently marked and protected to prevent being damaged
For the control points, there is Horizontal control and vertical control.

The methods for each form of control is as follows:
a) Horizontal – Precise traversing
– Triangulation
b) Vertical control- Precise levelling
OBSERVATIONS
Theodolite Observation
At all stations, a minimum of two arcs must be taken. Whether fixing points by triangulation or traversing. The normal system of observation is employed i.e. closing on to the initial station at the end of each round.

ARC = FL and FR || FL= One round || FR=One Round.

Make horizontal observation when refraction is least ( early morning and late afternoon)
Vertical observations @ midday when vertical refraction is least.Distance Measurement
Can be measured using E.D.M units. Measurement s must be made in both directions and a mean calculated. As with most E.D.M units the best weather conditions are when the day is cool. Measure in both directions (A to B and B to A). Apply the necessary correction after measurements.

Choice of Instruments.The choice of instruments depend on the accuracy needed to detect deformation movement.

Theodolites
Where triangulation provide the main system of control i.e. for large dams a Wild T3 can provide the required accuracy. For small surveys, a universal single second theodolite is sufficient e.g. Wild T2. This can be used in towns where the main method of fixing points is by traversing.

These instruments must be tested for any residual errors.

Tapes
This should be made of high quality steel with millimetre graduation. They should be standardised and their weight per unit length known. If the quality of the tape is suspect, it must be checked against a standard tape.

Levels
Any modern precise automatic level can be used. An important feature in precise levelling is that invar staves with double scales are used (one scale on the left, one on the right). Levels should be tested for collimation error.

Computation Methods
The best method for computing deformation observation is by using least squares and this method is suitable if a computer is available. Whichever method is chosen, the same method should be used each time the points are re-fixed.

CHAPTER 4: LITERATURE REVIEW
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4.1 Literature Review
CHAPTER 5: METHODOLOGY
-4785375090
Methodology is the systematic, theoretical analysis of the methods applied to a field of study. It comprises the theoretical analysis of the body of methods and principles associated with a branch of knowledge. Typically, it encompasses concepts such as paradigm, theoretical model, phases and quantitative or qualitative techniques. A methodology does not set out to provide solutions – it is therefore, not the same as a method. Instead, a methodology offers the theoretical underpinning for understanding which method, set of methods, or best practices can be applied to a specific case, for example, to calculate a specific result.

It has been defined also as follows:
“the analysis of the principles of methods, rules, and postulates employed by a discipline”;
“the systematic study of methods that are, can be, or have been applied within a discipline”;
“the study or description of methods”.

5.1 Methods and Tools
Methods to Control Verticality of Structure during Building Construction Methods used to check or control verticality works include:

Plumb-Bob Technique
Plumb-bob as shown in Figure 2 consist of a weight with pointed tip on the bottom attached to end of a string. The heavy weight will hang under gravity and offer a precise vertical line which is called plumb line.

Figure 10: Plumb-Bob Tool
This method is applied for checking or controlling vertical line of structural elements especially indoors such as lift shaft. Added to that, it is used to control verticality of foundation, walls, and columns.

Figure 11: Checking Verticality of Structural Elements

Figure 12: Checking Verticality of Columns
The plumb line or vertical line of plumb-bob is influenced by wind force and it will lose its accuracy and precision. Small to moderate lateral movement of plumb-bob can be reduced satisfactorily by damping it in oil or water.

If the height of structural member is large, then it is possible to replace the string with a long wire, but substantial cautions should be plasticized so as to avoid imposing risks to the personals working below.

Spirit Level Method
This tool is appropriate for controlling verticality of small scale works for example checking formworks and door frames. If spirit level is employed for approximate checks, then it is required to check the verticality with more accurate technique.

Figure 13: Spirit Level
Theodolite Method
Theodolite is substantially powerful instrument which can be used to check verticality works during construction with great precision and accuracy.

It is suitable for checking or controlling verticality of towers as shown in Figure 8, wall, foundation and columns as shown in Figure 9; specifically large number of columns along a one grid line.

It is possible to measure the slope of out of plumb line of the member by using Theodolite in combination with a tape.

The procedure used to check column verticality includes:
Setting up the digital Theodolite centered on a peg that installed 500 mm from the column grid.

After Theodolite set up accurately the laser beam will be turned on and focused it to the steel tape which is held to the formwork.

Take the reading of the steel tape through the telescope.

Take the readings of two positions at the same level on both top and bottom levels of the formwork. By taking two readings at the same level any curvature on the surface can be identified. These steps are illustrated in Figure 9.

Figure 14: Checking Verticality Using Theodolite

Figure 15: Checking Column Verticality Using Theodolite
Optical Plummet Method
It is an instrument that sight directly down or directly up. Optical plummet has an automatic compensator which increases its accuracy significantly compare with other methods used for controlling verticality.

Figure 16: Optical Plummet

Figure 17: Optical Plummet to Check Structure Verticality
5.2 Project Activities
5.3 Gantt Chart and Milestone

CHAPTER 6: RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
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6.1 Results and Discussion
CHAPTER 7: CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
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7.1 Conclusion
This Student Industrial Project (SIP) Report is written based on my findings, activities and internship project throughout the 12 weeks of industrial training period in SMC Global Engineering. My internship period started on 14th May 2018 and should be end by 17th August 2018. This inscribed report is the summary of the assignment and assignment given with the Host Company’s background information.

Working experience here gives many advantages to the interns and Host Company as well. Internship program with SMC Global Engineering have exposed to me a lot of things especially on site project and widened my view for my future career. These last few months of my internship have been very exciting for me. SMC Global Engineering has offered me opportunities to learn new things and improved my skills.

UTP has taken the correct measure by introducing the structured Industrial Project Program to expose students to real working environment. The requirement to keep log book, submit a final report, prepare final presentation, lecturer’s visit and student’s assessment further strengthen the objectives of the program. Log books and final report demonstrate students’ ability to record and review every aspect of the internship program.

Through my internship at SMC Global Engineering, I gained valuable working experience that will help me to succeed not only with the company but in the real world as well. My internship experience has provided me with in valuable, real-life experience that I can look back on for years to come. SMC Global Engineering has offered me opportunities to learn and develop myself in many areas such as widened my view to read construction drawing and get involved with on-site works. This give me chances to find out which areas I want to pursue after completing my studies.

There is a big difference in ways to complete the college projects in actual works. In class we learn how to describe the work in projects, where in work you learn how to implement them in reality. This internship was definitely an introduction to the actual work field for me.
In a nutshell, this Industrial Project Program has been a wonderful experience so far and these 12 weeks have improved my knowledge to a whole new level. The remaining of this internship program is anticipated to widen the knowledge further creating a well-rounded student at the end.

7.2 Recommendations
7.2.1Recommendations for Internship Company
SMC Global Engineering provides good learning platform for interns and it helps interns to improve and develop their skills. I would recommend SMC Global Engineering to keep hiring interns with different educational backgrounds too in order build repo with other universities.

A structured internship program is useful for student in order to expose and prepare them for their future working environment and enlighten on the path they want to choose.

7.2.2Recommendations for the University
These are a few recommendations, which in my opinion would ensure students make the best out of their Industrial Project program:
The internship unit should provide a scope of works of Host Companies for their students. This could be prepared by compiling the scope of works based on experiences of previous trainees in the Host Company.

The internship unit should also provide a list of UTP Supervisor earlier, so that students can discuss with them on matters related to the program.

REFERENCES
Matar, S.S. and Faschan, W.J. (2017). A Structural Engineer’s Approach to Differential Vertical Shortening in Tall Buildings. International Journal of High – Rise Buildings, Volume 6, Number 1. Retrieved from http://global.ctbuh.org/resources/papers/download/3311-a-structural-engineers-approach-to-differential-vertical-shortening-in-tall-buildings.pdfThings to Check Before Concreting Column. Retrieved from https://gharpedia.com/things-check-before-concreting-column/Engineering Experience. (2011). Retrieved from http://civilengex.blogspot.com/p/formwork.htmlMethod to Check Verticality of Structure during Building Construction. (2017). Retrieved from https://theconstructor.org/construction/methods-check-structure-verticality-building/21676/Centre for Student Internship, Mobility and Adjunct Lectureship (CSIMAL) of Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS. (2017). Guidelines for Student Industrial Training PDF document.

APPENDICES
Appendix 1 – Organizational Chart of Proposed Construction and Completion of Commercial and SME Cluster for Kertih
Biopolymer Park on a Parcel of Lot Q, Phase 1A, at Kertih Biopolymer Park, Mukim Kertih Kemaman, Terengganu Darul Iman.

Appendix 2 – Project Information
Land Owner LEMBAGA TABUNG AMANAH WARISAN NEGERI TERENGGANU
Pejabat Perbendaharaan, Tingkat 4, Wisma Darul Iman, 20503, Kuala Terengganu.

Developer EAST COAST ECONOMIC REGION DEVELOPMENT COUNCIL (ECERDC)
Level 22, Tower 3
Petronas Twin Towers
50088 Kuala Lumpur
Tel : 03 – 2035 0021/22 Fax : 03 – 2035 0020
Project Management Consultant (PMC)
KPK AECOM.

Level 7, Wisma Guocoland,
Damansara City, No. 6,
Jalan Damanlela, Bukit Damansara,
50490, Kuala Lumpur.

Tel : 03 – 2770 3888 Fax : 03 – 27703838
Principal Consultant ASBA ARCHITECT
No. 42 – 2 Jalan Wangsa Setia 3, Wangsa Melawati
53300 Kuala Lumpur.

Tel : 03 – 4149 3485 Fax : 03 – 4142 5308
Main Contractor RAFTABINA SDN BHD
No. 2 – 13A, Jalan Prima SGI, Taman Prima Sri Gombak,
1800, Batu Caves, Selangor Darul Ehsan
Tel : 03 – 6189 8880 Fax : 03 – 6189 2880
Appendix 3 – List of Subcontractor
No Description Scope of Work
1 Kelpile Sdn BhdLot Pt 4201, Kawasan Perindustrian Pengkalan Chepa 2,
Seksyen 44, Mukim Panchor, Daerah Kemumin,
16100 Kota Bharu, Kelantan.

Tel : 09 – 7713 600 Emel : [email protected]
2 A.Rahman bin Ahmad
74, Kampung Pinang Merah,
23100 Paka, Dungun, Terengganu. Earthworks
3 WMI Empire Sdn Bhd1st Floor, Lot 5711,
Jalan Kubang Kurus,
24000 Kemaman, Terengganu. M&E
Appendix 4 – Proposed Construction and Completion of Commercial and SME Cluster for Kertih Biopolymer Park on a Parcel
of Lot Q, Phase 1A, at Kertih Biopolymer Park, Mukim Kertih Kemaman, Terengganu Darul Iman Implementation Plan.

Appendix 5 –SMC Global Engineering Sdn Bhd Official Portal

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