Some causes of poverty are changing trends in a country’s economy, lack of education, high divorce rate which causes feminization of poverty, having a culture of poverty, overpopulation, epidemic diseases such as AIDS and malaria,1and environmental problems such as lack of rainfall.23 Extreme weather may be a cause of poverty in many countries. Drought, rainfall and flooding are some of the biggest causes of poverty by weather. When natural disasters do not gain media attention raising money becomes more difficult. This is made worse when governments spend money in the capitals instead of the poorest areas which need it most.4
Almost 50 percent of people in the world today live on less than $2.50 per day.5
In California, poverty in the elderly was reduced with the creation of the social security program.6 The poverty rate among seniors in the United States is at 9 percent as of 2010.7 In 1960 the official poverty rate among the elderly was 35 percent.8 The Netherlands offers a universal pension and leads the world with a 1.7 percent poverty rate among the elderly.citation needed Extreme poverty may affect lifespan, and the lack of money via some type of pension system increases the poverty rate among the elderly worldwide.9 Issues like hunger, illness and thirst are all causes and effects of poverty.