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Lysias’ charges against Eratosthenes derived from his hatred caused by his brother’s death. He very masterly tries to present and strengthen his personal case, by escaping from the narrow context of personal confrontation to the wider sphere of public interest; he focuses on the tyrant’s crimes against the city so that the judges can relate to his personal suffering and have their anti-Spartan feelings aroused. Lysias associates his personal calamities with the city’s calamities and with the phrase “????????? ??????????” (Lysias. 12.5) he wants to point out the pain those memories evoke in all citizens. He therefore, urges the men of the jury to consider how cruelly they were governed by the Thirty “????????, ????????, ?????????, ?????: ????????.” (Lysias. 12.100)
Furthermore, Lysias tries to get the jurors emotionally involved in the case by stressing that everyone has many reasons to feel hatred towards the Thirty on personal grounds (such as in Lysias’ case) or in the interest of the public as everyone including the judges suffered many losses during the Thirty’s administration. C. Adams observed of the speech in its relation to the 403 amnesty a tendency to “arouse resentments which have been allayed with great sacrifice of personal feeling.” (Murphy 1989, p.40)
In conclusion, Lysias appeals to the Athenian jury as they have experienced and suffered the same hostilities as himself. The jury therefore feel hatred towards the actions and behavior of the Thirty and this is Lysias technique of getting the jury to punish Eratosthenes and all the Thirty for the offences they have committed.

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