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It is strongly argued that Australian media significantly misrepresents the nature of crime in comparison to official records/reality of crime. Media is a mass form of communication for the world where things such as crime are reported and broadcasted for society to observe. Crime is reported on print news, tv news and television shows which are all forms of media. For most individuals, media is the primary source of indirect knowledge of crime. First, the media solely covers crime that is more ‘shocking’ rather then crimes that are petty, this means that the media is crucially selective of what they present to its audience. Second, media framing has a large effect on stories portrayed, they are five different principles that consciously and unconsciously convey an easy to understand view. Third, ……………………………
It is believed that media overall is extremely powerful in shaping the way individuals think about crime and criminality in the community. Evidently the medias presentations of crime are often distorted and can lead to increased levels of panic and fright.

The first argument supporting medias false portrayal of crime, is that the media only covers stories deemed ‘newsworthy’. There are five different theories that determine whether a crime caused is worthy of being broadcasted by the news, (prominence, timeliness, impact, proximity, novelty, conflict, contemporaneousness and human interests). Media would rather report on sexual assault crimes rather than petty theft crimes. This is because of novelty. Media report on unusual and dramatic events that contain greater conflict and have larger impacts on society. Sociologist Jack Katz (1987, p 57) notes: ‘In general, the more prevalent a crime, the less likely it is to be reported. Petty crime and simple assaults rarely make the news, unless they involve someone famous. This extends to types of offenders and victims as well. White victims are more likely to make the news than black ones even where rates of victimization are higher for blacks’. This has convinced individuals to believe myths that violent rates are continually rising.

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