India was prolonged under British rule and after independence most of government rules have great impact of British rules and regulations and Criminal justice system is no exception and it is mostly based on British model of criminal justice system too

India was prolonged under British rule and after independence most of government rules have great impact of British rules and regulations and Criminal justice system is no exception and it is mostly based on British model of criminal justice system too. The role of the Victim in Indian Criminal justice system before mid-nineteenth century was restricted only to register their complaint and witness in criminal proceedings. On one hand, the offender of crime in Indian Criminal Justice system has many rights to defend himself but on the other hand victim of same crime has no right to protect their interest in criminal justice system and his role is restricted to register complaint about the crime and present himself as witness for the prosecution solely. A Victim is any individual who has suffered physical or mental injury, emotional suffering, economic loss or substantial impairment of their elementary rights.

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