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Effect of speech and language difficulties in children Essay
Effect of speech and language difficulties in children
Introduction
Language, communication and language development have always been the core of every child’s learning and the connection of other aspects of child development. Without these language and communication skills, children cannot fully realize their potential. Harvard University conducted an experiment to track children from primary school. They found that children who have strong communication skills have a 50% chance of success when they grow up. So now American families are actively developing their children’s communication skills. In society, communication with others is essential. Whether you have excellent communication skills, good eloquence, clear expression, and ability to communicate smoothly, these not only affect child’s personality, but also affect child’s life. According to a report by charity ICAN one out of every ten children has difficulty communicating. About three children in each class have difficulty in this area, which may require expert help. In the face of such a large number of children with communication difficulties, it is very important for parents and teachers to support children in language and communication skills. Obviously, more and more children are now entering the educational environment and are beginning to face language and communication problems. This essay will highlight the reasons for the difficulties of children’s language and communication skills, as well as the main measures for their future development and communication skills.

The effect of language and speech difficulties
There are many factors that cause children’s language and speech difficulties?these include?
1?Environmental factors
It includes the level of parental education, parental occupation, educational level and language of the foster, and family economic status. The development of language is related to the amount of information stimuli provided by the environment. Children who are stimulated by external information have a faster language development than other children. Many studies have shown that different forms of children’s family environment are related to children’s language development ability. The focus of these studies is on establishing family environmental parameters and children’s language. Relevance of development, including the quality of family life (diversity of activities, social interaction and interaction, the extent to which adults participate in children’s activities); family material conditions (number and diversity of books and toys in the family, frequency of children’s participation in cultural activities); various statistical models of children’s families These are all factors that influence the development of children’s language.
2. Age factor
Language learning is clearly influenced by age. Age is the most important factor affecting vocabulary development. At the same time, age is also an important factor affecting the development of grammar. With the increase of age, various phrase structures gradually appear. Therefore, children should learn the language vocabulary at the appropriate age.

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3.Language concept
Language attitudes can affect a child’s language development. The concept of language refers to a series of attitudes and opinions on language, such as human cognition, attitude, emotion and aesthetic taste. The concept of language is the concrete embodiment of the concept of culture in language. Any language concept contains a rich cultural connotation and affected by many cultural factors.

The concept of language is very important in the development of children’s language. Some people compare the order of adjectives used and obtained by children in China and abroad. There is a high correlation between child adjectives and local culture. For example, in Western society, many mothers emphasize children’s object markers, but Vietnamese babies first learn to respect their elders with respect for synonymous system.

Compared with American mothers, Japanese mothers often involve children in social practice, perhaps because their society emphasizes the importance of social group relationships.

4. Health issues and organ issues
Children with weak constitution or long-term illness may have fewer learning opportunities and less learning experience, and the language of healthy children is not going well. If there is brain hypoplasia, brain injury or congenital disorder during the child’s growth stage, language development will inevitably be slow. Children with chronic ear infections have many difficulties in language and language development. In this continuous infection of the ear, the ear produces fluid, which affects the child’s hearing, and also affects the way the child learns the language, which makes the ability to learn language and speech slow and difficult.

The impact of language, speech and communication skills on children
Language, speech and communication skills are important to promote development and learning in other areas of the child. A child with communication impairments, communication barriers will affect their overall development. The impact of children’s language and communication difficulties depends on the individual needs of the child and the severity of these difficulties. The following are events that may be adversely affected?
1?The impact of play on children’s communication skills?Play plays a big role in the development of children’s communication skills. Play, not only let the children experience happy emotions, but also help the mental health development, and children can learn social interaction skills from them. Children’s psychological characteristics are “self-centered”, while games can help them remove “self-centeredness”. In the process of cooperating to complete the game, the children will gradually master some social skills such as communication with others, as well as the rules of social interaction such as taking turns, sharing, exchanging, and mutual assistance. They can also establish mutual trust, intimate companionship relationship with other children and helps the development of social skills. Children who play will be more adaptable to social interactions, and their psychology will be healthier. On the contrary, many children with introverted, lonely, and even communication problems, most of them are absent from childhood. If a child’s communication skills are poor, it is easy to produce negative emotions such as anxiety, nervousness, and suspiciousness, thus affecting normal life and learning. If these negative emotions are not released for a long time, they may even lead to regressive personality.

2. Friendships: It is difficult for a child with communication difficulties to communicate with others, so they are not very close to other children, and friendship is affected, which will cause them to lose more than normal children.

3. Literacy?Reading and writing skills are important for children. Understanding and coping skills are important in the communication process. If it is difficult to understand and deal with language skills, it will lead to backward language and learning skills.

The way to develop children’s speech and language skills
Because different children have different levels of language difficulties, they need to improve their language skills in different ways.

Encourage children?Encouragement can give children confidence and courage, and they will have stronger ability to overcome when they encounter setbacks and difficulties. Praising children can increase their self-esteem and confidence and promote their participation in communication with others.

2. Activities or games: During school, teachers should organize an activity during teaching or break time. This will involve everyone?let them know each other and exercise their communication skills. Teachers should also patiently communicate with their children and pass on communication skills so that children can effectively improve their language skills.

3. Slow down the speed of communication?Slow down the speed of communication so that children have enough time to think about each other and understand the content of the conversation. The hasty and irritable dialogue can make children difficult to understand, which makes them frustrated and disappointed. If you give them enough time to think, the children will feel comfortable and participate in the dialogue to think and answer questions more clearly.

Conclusion
In short, the right approach is important to effectively improve children’s language and communication skills, and it is also important to use the methods that are appropriate for them.

Group 1
CHEN XINGYU
0335417

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