In the poem “The Raven” by Edgar Allen Poe some topics that are examined in his audience, he does this through three ways that include sadness, loneliness and insanity. In “The Raven”, his theme is grief, which is related to the string of themes he usually incorporates into his other poems like Tell-Tale-Heart. However, for “The Raven”, Poe uses devices to expand on his theme of grief and describe it in a way that readers will be able to understand his feelings throughout this poem. There are many literary devices like alliteration, symbolism, metaphors and imagination. Therefore, Edgar Allen Poe uses the theme of grief to draw the reader’s attention in the poem “The Raven”. Poe uses symbolism, imagery, and repetition in his poem, “The Raven”. One of the main literary devices that Poe uses in “The Raven” to develop the theme of grief is symbolism. Poe brings out the thoughts and feelings of the speaker.
One of the main literary devices that Poe uses in “The Raven” to develop the theme of grief is symbolism. Poe brings out the thoughts and some inner feelings of the speaker. The poem begins
With the speaker sitting in a library, pondering over books of the past, when suddenly there is a knocking, and the speaker gets up to open the door. He throws the door open and seeing no one there he returns to the books, when suddenly a raven appears on the windowpane. The raven comes in, with its shiny black feathers and appears to be smiling at the speaker intently while he looks at books. “Ghastly grim and ancient raven wandering from the nightly shore …on the Night’s plutonian shore!” The speaker seems to feel, at the beginning, that the raven was sent from the Underworld. This is symbolized through the words “Night’s Plutonian Shore”; it is a connection between this world and the Underworld. Pluto is the Roman name for the Greek god Hades, the god of death. Throughout his poem, Poe is constantly using the word “night”, especially “midnight”, as a symbol for death. The word “Shore” symbolizes the big river and all its inhabitants. This is exactly what the speaker is thinking. Then raven is a mysterious creature that has come to the speaker as a messenger of death.