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In the Civil War, African American soldiers earned their rights to fight in Union army, become a citizen, vote; run for office, or sue, resulted in the Union victory, and discrimination in the North and South. The three topics that I will be talking about is: How African Americans acted before the Civil War, How African Americans acted during the Civil War, How African Americans acted after the Civil War, and the Aftermath for African Americans in the Civil War. I will also be talking about 2 small topics-that fall under African Americans during the Civil War-they are: The 1st non-commissioned African American soldiers, and the 1st commissioned African American soldiers. Before I start, here is some things you should know about African Americans and the Civil War: After 1850, African Americans that escaped from slavery could be captured and shipped to the South, 1/3 of all African American soldiers enlisted lost their lives for the cause, border states were slave states that sided with the Union, and there were 1.5 million slaves in the 5 border states.
Africans American’s role before the Civil War were abolitionists, emancipationists, or even a minority, African Americans that were for slavery, or pro-abolitionists. Since 1792, state militias did not accept African Americans into the U.S. Army. African Americans rushed to join the army but were not allowed because of a 1972 law that restricted them from joining. Abolitionists like Frederick Douglass argued that the enlistment of black soldiers would help the fight for the Civil War. Frederick Douglass bolstered free black men to offer services for latter full citizenship.
African Americans role during the Civil War was trying to fight in the war for their rights, doing small jobs like: trade, transportation, manufacturing, and professional vocations, and even spoke out on stand for African Americans to get “better” jobs or to fight in the army. 2 years after the beginning of the Civil War, President Lincoln began to reconsider African American soldiers. President Lincoln hesitated because he worried that arming African Americans would cause the border states to secede. He signed the Emancipation Proclamation that said, “All people that are slaves within the United States shall be free forever.” However, this did not happen because he did not possess command of the Confederate states. The Proclamation also said that African Americans of exceptional condition could go fight for the Union Army. The Second Confiscation and Militia Act (SCMA) was the first step towards the enlistment of African Americans. The SCMA authorized the President to enlist African Americans. The Emancipation Proclamation and the Second Confiscation and Militia Act opened the door for African Americans to enlist in the Union Army.
The 1st non-commissioned African American soldiers were not part of the Union Army but fought well against the South. Before being commissioned by the Union Army African Americans started non-commissioned armies. John A. Andrew started the 54th regiment. It attacked Fort Wagner in Charleston, South Carolina. This was the 1st non-commissioned African American infantry attack.
The 1st commissioned African Americans were restless to join the fight. The Union came to agreement with the South that captured African American men that were free to be treated better than captured African Americans that were former slaves. They tried to keep African Americans out of the front lines because they faced harsher punishments then white men. African Americans served the Union army well and acclaimed themselves

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I'm Camille!

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