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“In hard times in war allies were needed to aid and help out, people had different tactics with getting/acquiring them. The Zimmerman Telegram was a secret communication from the German foreign office in 1917 written by Arthur Zimmerman and was a proposed military alliance between Germany and Mexico. The significant events that instigated the release of the telegram began with German’s policy of unrestricted submarine warfare. This policy allowed German U boats to attack merchant ships without warning, in hopes of undermining the British by blocking their line of supply from North America. The United States remained neutral at the time, however, in 1915, a German U-boat sunk the British ocean liner Lusitania. The ship consisted of most passengers, in which 159 Americans had died. The Sussex Pledge was issued as another sinking of a French ship called, “The Sussex” caused many many American deaths.

The US president Woodrow Wilson became concerned and proposed this ultimatum stating that the US would break off diplomatic relations if Germany did not stop sinking passenger ships. However, this did not last long as Germany was outraged over the British naval blockade that deprived them of supplies and food. Germany abandoned the pledge and in response, the United States cut their ties and relations with Germany, The Zimmerman telegram was released on March 1. 1917 to divert the United States away from going to war with Germany on the Allies side. The telegram listed that Germany would return to the policy of unrestricted submarine warfare, regardless of the neutrality of the US. It proposed an offer of military alliance to Mexico, in which Germany would provide financial aid and the return of their lost states, Texas, Mexico and Arizona.

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The telegram advised Mexico to form an alliance with Japan to form a new Pacific and Central front, which would pose as a threat to the united states if the war was declared. Germany’s plan was to use these alliances as a distraction to the United States on their Southern border, therefore weakening their involvement in the war overseas. Also, as the United States was neutral/indifferent, this meant that they were trading with other states or nations at war. By involving the United States in a war with
Mexico, exports overseas would slow down. With the intentions of winning the war against Britain before the arrival of the American forces, the Zimmerman The telegram was released, however to no avail.

The effect of the Zimmerman telegram on society was, as we should all know by now it sent us or should say pushed us to declare war on Germany because of them want to continue the policy of unrestricted submarine warfare and the so-called “Zimmerman telegram,” intercepted by the British, in which Germany floated the idea of an alliance with Mexico. So declaring war, that alone was one of the deadliest conflicts in the history of the human race, in which over 16 million people died. The total number of both civilian and military casualties is estimated at around 37 million people. The war killed almost 7 million civilians and 10 million military personnel.

The aftermath of World War I saw political, cultural, economic, and social change across Eurasia (Europe and Asia), Africa, and even in areas outside those that were directly involved. Four empires collapsed due to the war such as Ottoman Empire, Australia-Hungary, German, and Russian empires, old countries were abolished, new ones were formed, boundaries were redrawn, international organizations were established, and many new and old ideologies took hold in people’s minds.

But the society during that time (the 1910’s) saw new developments in government, big business, and industry began to change daily life in the United States. America was becoming an urban, industrial nation as the younger population increasingly left farms to settle in big cities. As they moved into closer proximity to each other and made increasing amounts of disposable income, people were becoming more fashion and lifestyle conscious. The effects of WW1 on America were wide-ranging covering the political, economic and social impact the Great War had on the United States. Unlike the countries of Europe, the factories and home of the US had not been destroyed. Manufacturing, production, and efficiency had increased through necessity during the Great War.
America had emerged as a world industrial leader and the US economy was booming, profits were increasing which led to the period in American history called the Roaring Twenties with a massive rise in consumerism for the wealthy. On the negative side, inflation was high and companies and corporations started the reduce wages and lay off workers to keep down operating costs. The power of the Unions had grown during the war, workers protested and 1919 saw a massive wave of strikes. Competition for employment led to racial unrest and race riots breeding hatred and suspicion which spilled over into the Red Scare and the fear of communism. The introduction of Prohibition led to the rise of organized crime, speakeasies, gangsters, increased violence and massive political corruption.

In the end, the Zimmerman telegram was one of the biggest sparks that set off world war 1, one of the deadliest wars to ever have been fought.

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