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In every dog establishment the correct housing must be supplied, for the dog’s welfare needs to be met.
In all commercial and private establishments, the code of practice for the welfare of DOGS (2013) states the area supplied for the dog should be clean, free from disease, comfortable, safe and quiet. It should be protected from weather conditions, not subjected to draughts, cold and damp as it can result in illness. The area should be free from hazards. Large enough so the dog can freely move around and the area well ventilated. Temperature should be at the level suited to the dog’s needs. There should be areas where the dog can go when it gets hot and cold. The dog shouldn’t be left on its own for lengths of time that may cause unnecessary distress. The dog should be made to feel protected and not around things that scare them. Dogs should be checked on regularly to make sure they are ok. There should be an area where the dog can go to the toilet and exercise, which must be separate from the resting area.
In commercial establishments more specific requirements are put in place. All the above are required but refined. This is to make sure the needs and welfare of the dog is met. Kennels is an example of an commercial establishment.
In a kennel establishment, the dogs should be made to feel comfortable and safe. So for example the pens shouldn’t be facing one another as this can cause stress and anxiety. Easily cleaned materials should be used so the pens are free from disease. The materials should be cleaned and disinfected regularly to reduce illness and infection. Walls and components of the pen should be smooth and easy to clean and disinfect. The walls should be high enough to avoid contact between other dogs. As well as having solid construction to cope with the weight of the dogs. Ventilation like metal; wiring and vents should be used to allow for air circulation, preventing build-up of smells and humidity as well as aiding disease control. Natural daylight should be used but supplementary light must be available, so all parts are visible to help with general usage of the pen, cleaning, feeding and handling. Without appropriate lighting an animal could potentially escape.
Heating must be available via a heat lamp or heat mat only if they are safe and risk free as well as materials the dog can use to warm up like blankets. Temperature shouldn’t get lower than 10 degrees or higher than 26 degrees in sleeping area. All flooring should be non-slip to avoid injury and be urine resistant. Floors should have a slight gradient of 1:80 to prevent liquids pooling. The floor should be smooth and easy to clean to maintain hygiene. There should also be a good drainage system for waste water to be disosed of. Bedding should be provided unless said so otherwise. This can include things like clean blankets and towels that can be easily cleaned and disposed if needed. All areas should be cleaned daily, removing any soiled material. If one dog leaves and a new dog comes in the whole area will need to be cleaned and disinfected with new bedding materials. There should be an isolation area on site. At least 5 meters from the main kennels. With all the same requirements.
In kennels, the pens must be big enough for the dog to move around in (For example; walk, turn, play and wag its tail without constriction). The sleeping area should be specific sizes for different breeds, there should be an exercise area and separate sleeping area to the main pen. Exercise area should be separated from the sleeping area. See table 1 for measurements.

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