In 200 CE, the great Roman empire ruled the Mediterranean. Rome was successful in many conquests and ruled over it’s prosperous empire with ease. The city was filled with wealth, trade and amazing architectural achievements.
In 400 CE, Emperor Diocletian divided his empire into East and West in order to deal with the empires problems faster. The system worked while he was one of the four people in charge. After he retired, the system fell apart, it became an intense power struggle.
Eventually, a young czar named constantine won. He moved the capital from Rome to a city called Constantinople. Near the end of his life he converted to Christianity.
The political transformations of the Mediterranean eventually led to the development of intensely diverse cultures.