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Eye contact
Eye contact is very crucial it is a strong way of communicating and it is essential throughout the whole session that the client and counsellor make eye contact and it indicates a sign of caring and support when the counsellor shows that attention that the client needs, but some cultures it may show it is rude but the counsellor should use it with caution and not make the client feel uncomfortable.
Posture/Body position
A counsellor analysis from the body language of the client, it identifies a lot of clues of an individual like personality, self-perception. The movement of the legs and arms or inclining back in the middle of the session will then show that the client feels comfortable and feel calm the counsellor observes the client it helps the counsellor to identify and help the client throughout the session.
Tone of voice
The tone of the client’s voice helps the counsellor to identify what is going on. The volume, intensity, how fast and slow the client is talking, the pauses and silence these the signs that the counsellor analysis and identify the emotional state the client so the counsellor can make a presumption based on the client’s voice.
Physical distance and touching
There should be a good amount of space as if sitting opposite of each other where a table is in between the counsellor and client, it will increase the feeling of formality and emotional distance between the client and counsellor. If the counsellor sits so close that there is small space distance between each other it will make the client feel distressed and unease throughout the session so it is important that there should be that personal space so the counsellor and client to feel comfortable and not in distress.
Touching depends on what kind of client the counsellor is dealing with, for example, if the client is dealing with grief, the counselling shows empathy and tries to touch like for instance touching the hand of the client to shows caring and support. Touching should be appropriate regarding on how the situation may be, touching should not establish a high intimacy that the client cannot handle. A hug ending the session may be appropriate as a way of supporting and bundling that relationship.

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