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Cleveland is a city in U.S state of Ohio and it is the most populous county in the state. The residents are called the Clevanders. There are many challenges facing the residents which they have tried with much effort to overcome them as the citizens. The city has been successfully attracting large numbers of creative class of individuals which have in turn created a spurring development and facilitated transformation of living in the city. To live in a decent and affordable housing in the county has been one of the highest priorities among the residents; an initiative to the provision of this kind of housing has been made to improve the living standard of the residents.
The initiative has made it possible for people to fully utilized the existing houses and built news ones to cater for new growing population and has made tenants subsidies the rent for low income tenants, these has made an impact on present social life in the city by making a living more conducive because of th availability of high and quality and below market rental houses. This has been done by maximizing the use of low income housing tax credits to exempt them from tax. The big issue that affect he present city is the housing, it has caused mayhem among the dwellers, and it is evident that most people living there are affected socially by the housing rather than other factors. Being a metropolitan state, increase in demand of houses has greatly been influenced by the increasing number of employees in the region since this substantiates each individual role in the development of the infrastructure and has led to more human needs.
The project in Cleveland, is leading to the development of organizations to that facilitate the new and emerging change of life by bringing up new management skills that leads to continued affordability of quality houses for sustaining of life for families and individuals (Bostic 12). It has also made homeownership of property among the citizens living there by additionally reducing the mortgages for payment also has reduced the period of payment and making regional choice for neighborhoods with specific plans.
Many of the willing homebuyers have had formal and decisive education which is provided to individual and group buyers who are involved in financing and owning a home to increase the capacity and maintain home after the purchase. It has posed a great challenge among the dwellers to maintain in a house for a longer period after purchase. More people are opting for alternative housing and have attracted many dwellers to look for this new development. For example, many residents have opted to buy their own houses to have a better lifestyle. The government has offered other alternatives such as the condominiums (Lowe 11). This has converted the commercial face of town life into lifestyle center as well as developed other amenities. Many nearby institutions have been transformed to new dwelling of the students from nearby colleges. This has eased the life of urban by reducing the population in the town.
The maintenance of these houses it the due responsibility of individuals. Programs have been deduced to cater for property holding members to keep it to the government standards of choice. House incentives for development are necessarily effective and has resulted into increase in the revenue within the services the city and the public schools. Rehabilitation of the houses has become a major social problem among the residents and has reduced the number of dwellers to a smaller number.
Many of the dwellers have a big challenge of transportation and means, this pose a major problem among the social life of the residents. Daily expenditure on the gas and number of cars an individual own. The government has tried to ease the challenge by providing the easiest means to supplement individual cars from the city. This has eased the congestion and has greatly improved the challenge of transport. This factor reduces the social enjoyment of individuality and reduces the revenue for buying gas and gasoline (Marten 17).
Economic Conditions present
Cleveland’s economy has been booming in the first half of 20th century. This is because there has been steel industries that are prevailing in the economy to great lengths, many workers from different diversity, from Europe and other countries came to look for jobs so as to cater for the emerging world economic trends and to improve the current life so as to make their families comfortable and raise a meaningful career and education standards, many of these industries are offering manufacturing jobs which is paying them well.
Today many opportunities are emerging because of the revolution and digital world technologies is making improvement on the knowledge based occupations. The job market is slightly decreasing because of development of the sophisticated machines to run the economy has led loss of job among individuals by doing these each individual is employed according to the level of education. These built wealth because it requires skills for entry to such jobs. Unfortunately the reinvention of these has made a heavy decline in opportunities has led to poor pay to the highly qualified personnel
Demographic Condition
As per the census 2010 the total population was 396,875 people residing in the city. The number of households were 167,490 houses in the periphery of the city these households were made by different racial makeup, African American constitute 53.9%, the white 38.5%, native American made 0.5%, the Asians were 1.8%, and 4.4% were from other races and the rest were fro, other different two or more races that is the Hispanic or Latino. In the households of which 30.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them while 22.4%were wedded duos staying together, female householder with no husband account 25.3% while male who are single and says alone accounts to 7.9%. Older people living alone who are above 65 years old are 10.7%. And average family size as per the census was 3.11 (Kusmer 45).
The median age of the population was 35.6 years. 22.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 12% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.1% were from 25 to 44; 26.3% were from 45 to 64; and 12% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city is that 48.8% are male and 52.2% constitute female. There are several communities of Slovaks and French, Czechs, Arabs, Dutch Russians, Scottish Indians and many more live in Cleveland. The availability of jobs has boosted the migration of these native people to the country and has led an increase in population of black from 36,005 to 256,007 (Ratner and Rothstein 32).
Out of 190,638 households, 29.9% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 28.5% were married couples living together, 24.8% of the population had singles parent mothers, and 41.3% were nonfamilies. 35.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.1% had someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older (Leibsohn, Moy and Okagaki 32). The standard family size was 2.44 and the average family size was 3.19. The population was spread out with 28.5% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 30.4% from 25 to 44, 19.0% from 45 to 64, and 12.5% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 101 females there were 91.0 males (Keating, Krumholz and Perry 11). For every 105females age 18 and over, there were 85.2 males.
The accurate median outcome for a household in the city was $24,928; the median income for the family was $40,286. Males had the median income of $30,610 versus $26,214 for females. The per capita income for the entire city was $15,291. 27.3% of the population and 23.9% of families were below the below the poverty bar Out of the total population, 37.6% of those under the age of 18 and 16.8% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line. These implies that many residents had job opportunity and to sustain economic growth (Kusmer 12).
Past Great Cleveland
Economic Conditions past
The pre-history of greater Cleveland states that the Indians lived long in the soil of that country. They established many resourceful projects that spearhead the county into good stability for better economy. With the establishment of the government which was made to protect the individual opportunity and social order. They built the connection of lakes between the states to facilitate and improve the economy. It was considered the core of improvement and economic development among the states (Keating, Krumholz, and Perry 23).
This canal made a breakthrough in export of forest products, mines farming products because the canal offers low transport cost, and this means there is higher income in agricultural products as it became the chief export and cheap in transporting the products to the country side. Because of these the greater Cleveland became the center of ship building and these fueled the growth of economy as the warehouse construction led to massive employment of workers to deal with the warehouse.
Scientific research was made and these changed greatly the economy, many farming techniques were improved, mining and transport was eased during the past growth of the economy of the great Cleveland. These led to massive increase in labor demand and wages increase as these will indicate the improvement of the living standard.
Social conditions
Cleveland a lot of social and economic crises from the development of the city this was due to community development industry, urban renewal made an impinging reaction because there were formation highway programs in early 1960s (Kusmer 13). it emerged that many people were dissatisfied with the rule and the method of governance of the city, made people react with aggressiveness because of mishandle and embezzlement of city fund by banks and insurance schemes and companies that was indirectly involved in insurance provision to the citizens. There was a widely protest and riot in several states in the neighborhood and brought about development of movement of people which spread to the height that it reached the suburbs. Government and the private sector shifted venture from poor urban neighborhoods where it would yield low returns, while fixing loans, communications, and principal investment in the new environs of the city periphery. The dwellers were starved for these resources, community development (Kusmer 23).
In neighborhoods that were starved for these resources, community development and infrastructure were rebuilt. These promote the increase in availability of resources that included the cultural and human effort to build the city suburbs. When the suburbs life became unbearable it led to increase in cost of living among the dwellers and these the poverty level increased too.
They attempt to revitalized local market and also host services to enable to grow business to accomplish the desired objectives these were cooperative business and equitable societies. It formed a reason to understand and to create long term solution to neighborhood difficulties. For the past years the community development system has tremendously and successfully built many houses and rehabilitated housing units in the suburbs as these improves the cost of living among the dwellers (Yin 15). Due to improvement of living, it led to development of new markets and commercial and industrial Space.
This system worked out because the community was able to swiftly adapt and effectively as the providers make resources readily available. Due to different racial among the communities in the suburbs it created a major boost in economic and social. Many African American did most of the manual jobs as it labor readily and cheaply available. This has provided opportunity for community developers to have chance to revisit the community for expansive programs.
Demographic conditions
200,672 were number of households which constituted 30.3% were children of less than 18 years living their parents. 29.4% were married couples living together. 25% had female householder and was not married at they were non families. 35.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.2% had someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 3.19. The population was spread out with 29.5% under the age of 19, 9.5% from 18 to 25, 30.4% from 25 to 43, 19.0% from 45 to 64, and 13.4% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 91.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.5 males. 60% of dwellers were Christians, 22.5% were Muslims while the rest had a different religion. Most of the dwellers were employed that 61% had a little income generating and doing manual jobs in the industries and other place. The 21% were employing other people to work for them. The rest had the government jobs.
Future Great Cleveland
Social conditions
The changing population of the people of great Cleveland is a challenge to the future. The increase in the number of people both locals and immigrants is constraining land capacity of Cleveland. People are now encroaching forest land inhabited by wild animals so as to get settlement (Bostic 13). Despite the fact that the government is trying to come up with relevant polices that can reduce or maintain the current population; the rate at which the policy is being implemented is still slow. The government should deduce effective and efficient family planning methods as well as protect the borders to avoid illegal entry of immigrants to Cleveland. Community developers should be brought on board to try and come up with strategies that can be adapted to emerging conditions.
In order to realizing the dreams of great Cleveland calls for community developers to seek the assistance from investors and funders who will help in managing housing development aspects. The payoff could be great; the benefits of improved health care as well as increase in worker productivity could be one of the ways that Cleveland should use to reduce poverty levels (Chaskin, Dillman, Greenberg and Verma 12). Improved health care in poor neighborhoods will also reduce medical costs thus maintain per capital income of the people. Other poverty eradication projects should also be brought on board so as to reduce the number of household deprived from basic social welfare. The government should consider increasing job allocations for the people of great Cleveland both locally and international. Domestic industries should also absorb the locals thereby creating opportunities for the people (Lowe 10). The government should build more houses but this time should mansions that several families could live. Social policies should also be developed and implemented. These policies should encourage community participation and engagement in developmental activities of Cleveland.
Economic conditions
Staged changes in the United States economy have greatly affected great Cleveland and it working population. One of the changes is the sudden loss of well paying jobs that has resulted from closure of heavy manufacturing industries in the region. Great Cleveland has a pool of unemployed workers who cannot use their skilled and unskilled know-how, a 41% of poverty rate citywide (Yin 21). The government should deploy ways of creating employment to the people. First, it should address the loss of manufacturing jobs in the area by drawing renewable energy jobs to the region. These jobs should utilize the manufacturing skilled workforce. Cleveland ability to remain economically independent will only depend on the workforce mobility (Leibsohn, Moy and Okagaki 11 ). According to Cleveland’s history, economic growth was drove by the availability of Jobs that attracted new residents, but today in Cleveland the new trends is evident. Jobs are being attracted to cities due to the quality of life available, advancement in transportation and communication infrastructure and the quality of housing and health care available.
Contemporary research undertaken in Cleveland states that the city should be able to diversify and support current life supporting careers and improves its infrastructure so as to pave way for investors and human capital. For example, Cleveland is known for its poor housing policies and development, thus for improved economy in the area the major of the municipality should come up with ways of improving the quality of housing in the area (Bostic 11).
Demographic conditions
Cleveland population has been declining over the years and the consequences have been a sharp reduction of city tax base that has eventually resulted on concentrated poverty, vacant houses peppering the natural landscape. This resulted in reduced workforce hence loss of manufacturing industries in the region (Lowe 12). Therefore, the government should deduce ways of encroaching back the industries in the area to reduce poverty levels and to create employment for the people remaining.

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