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Classicism is a way that looks at free choice while positivism is a logical structure that only looks at what that can only be accurately confirmed.
Classicism and positivism have a part in the theory which they both contribute to however they both disagree to some length with each other. Classicist criminology is a way that looks at the perception of logical force and complimentary inclination. Also, the point of view was made in the 18th and the 19th era by which they wanted to create a system for the criminal justice which was fair and valid and which focused on all being equivalent. However, positivist criminology is created by the idea of objective perceptive of misdeed and offence against the law, the key theory is focused on the facts that the manner of conducting oneself is decisive. Also, biological positivism and psychological positivism are the two types of positivism that try exploring the clarification of misconduct and discrepancy.
Moreover, writing this would try to justify Classicist and Positivist criminology to some intensity disagreeing and also to research if they have any correlation with each other. For example, the features these theories were derived from, what caused the misdoing, prevention of crime and the procedure of the justice system, meaning of crime, the reply to the misdeed. Positivism and classicism disagree with each other, when it comes to classicism it would be said that they do not care as to why the individual committed the crime because he chose to do the crime while knowing about the consequences and that the offender should be dealt with according to the crime while positivism tries to say that the offender might have committed the crime due to a reason e.g. the offender could have mental health for example, the offender is broke his wife needs urgent treatment he decides to steal not because he originally wanted to but was not thinking straight because all he wanted to do was save his wife.
Also, classicism and positivism both describe the crime as disobeying the regulation. The focal point of analysis is focused on the felonies act and does not put into account the person’s situation so they only see the crime that the offender has committed and the sentence he or she should receive according to the legislation which is the main target for classicism the crime the offender committed. While the positivism target of examination focuses on the offender’s situation instead of the crime committed, so it would be looked at by the specialist as to what made the offender commit the crime diagnose the offender and see if the offender can be treated in a certain case. Classicism and positivism disagree as for their focal point of examination conflict with. However, Classicism for the most part reviews the offender act and that anyone who committed a crime should be dealt with in accordance to their conduct while positivism looks at what caused the individual to commit the crime in the first place or act abnormal {Cesare Beccaria.
The whole idea to the cause of crime is linked to the inquiry of impartial conduct and that the act is caused by free will, coherence or unreason and that breach of the law is essentially seen as choosing the bad decision that breaches the regulation and that the offender should be held for their behaviour. Positivism the origin of the misconduct is a result of the individual socializing and that it is not due to the individual committing the crime, it is due to their upbringing, background and if a member of the person’s family is a criminal or an offender then there is a likely chance of the individual committing a crime.

Classicism reaction to the misdoing is punishment and that the punishment should be equitable to the act because classicism believes that the offender should be punished for their conduct not their situations even if the offender as an illness they should still be punished for their action and that the offender’s reaction to the misdeed should be alike.

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Instead of focusing on punishment, positivism reaction to misdoing is analysis toward the individual and the individual’s attitudes are examined in conditions that might be past the authority of the individual. In addition, to react to the misdeed the reasoning’s as to why the offender responded in this nature. When it comes to the offenders, they are not the same as each other hence the analysis is noticed to be distinguished so when it results to giving punishment to the individual it should take into account the analysis of the person and the procedure of cure that ought to be set to the specific offender.
The method at which Classicism and positivism deal with the prevention of crime is similar, nevertheless their ways are dissimilar, but they are both trying to find a method to decrease crime. However, classicism uses deterrence tries to shorten crime while positivism uses analyses to decrease crime. The process that classicism uses punishment to avert the offenders whereby positivist tries to stop the misdeed from happening from the beginning.
When it comes to positivist they take an experimental way, because the offenders and individuals are all unlike, they could be restricted in some way rather than looking at the individual equally positivist sees emphasises in a different way. Whereas, Classicism takes a very diverse method towards the process of the illegal impartiality structure as they proceed a lawful rational method whereas the crime structure sees the illicit action instead of the individual that really did the criminality.
In conclusion, Classicism and positivism clashes to a certain extent, they have some comparisons nevertheless the quantity they equally differ is high. What makes classism and positivism are that classicism looks at sentencing according to the while positivism looks at what caused the misdoing and cure. However one of the key differences is that they equally observe for reasons of criminality and devise concepts in decreasing criminality with the different method to attain the end result.
Reference:
UKEssays. November 2013. The Principles of Classicist and Positivist Criminology Essay

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