CL2A1 THE VALUE OF PLAY TO YOUNG CHILDREN
CL2A1-1 Understand the Value of Play to Young Children’s Development
CL2A1-1.2 Explain the value of play for young children in the following development areas:
Value of Play for Young Children:
Children undergo many developmental changes from the moment of their birth until they reach five years of age. These first years are very important in children’s growth especially because they determine the personality of the children. Play supports the cognitive, physical, social, emotional growth and well-being of children and youth.
Children development includes:Physical Development: Physical activity helps children to develop and practice movement’s skills which include: ability to move, balance, coordination and object control. Movement skills help children develop awareness of what their bodies can do; children learn how much space their body needs to take. When developing traveling skills, the child learns how to move the body from one location to another running, hopping, skipping, sliding and walking. Activities involving foot-eye coordination, For Example: kicking a ball; activities involving hand-eye coordination, For Example: throwing or catching a ball. Balance is also a very important skill and children learn to control their balance and to gain posture. Balancing activities involves the body, For Example: walking on a beam will help children learn that putting one foot in front of the other help children maintain their balance; or balancing on one leg will help them to control their posture. Object control involves movements such as catching, throwing, kicking and children learn how to catch, throw and kick objects. Physical activity is linked with every other area of development.
Emotional Development: involves learning what feelings and emotions, understand how and why they happen, recognizing one’s own feelings and those of others, and developing effective ways of managing them. For example: dramatic and imaginative play including dressing up or role play such as being a ‘mummy’ or ‘daddy’ , pretending going for shopping etc.. Show the object at circle time and have the children pass it around the circle say, “William passes the car to Harry.” Play “Stop and Freeze” games with children by having them freeze when you stop the music blow a whistle or ring a bell. It will help to develop positive social and emotional skills and values by providing opportunities for children.
Social Development: children can become more sociable when they interact with their playmates and different toys. Through play games, children can gain significant experiences in their abilities actions and roles. When exposed to play, children can easily learn how to make decisions and master important skills. Play helps children to learn to share their toys with others. Social development is supported by playing team games, copying games, turn taking games and role play games. For Example: Team Play like “Bed sheet Ping Pong game” players stand and hold a bed sheet on opposite ends. A ping pong ball is placed onto the sheet then the sheet is raised or lowered and the object of the game is to get the ping ball game is to fall off the other team’s side of the sheet. Copycat games like, “show your actions to child to copy by putting hat on, wiggling fingers, shaking head and sticking tongue out describe what you are doing. Let him/her mimic sounds too, like a ticking clock or a door bell. These games encourage interaction, sharing and language skills.
Intellectual Development: including the exploration of new objects such as toys, picking up things and disarranging them, making reason inquiries. For Example: “why some things are the way they are.” Children’s intellectual development as it helps then begin to understand important mathematical concepts such as: number, matching, ordering, sorting, making and recognizing pattern, adding, subtracting and measuring. For Example: sorting puzzles and shapes sorter. Role play helps children to explore aspects of their real life. For Example: a visit to the hairdresser, going to the beach to play on sand with funnels, tunnels, tubes and beakers. Constructive allows children to practice and develop reasoning and problem solving skills.
Language Development: we can promote language development by suggesting new vocabulary while children are playing and labeling areas of the play environment as all play involves communication. Language development in children can also be enhanced by playing with blocks. During play children interact with their peers and as such they are forced to concentrate and pay attention in order to hear and understand the conversations they have with one another. Language as benefitted as the children learns and uses new words. Thus, early language development will in turn benefit children as they later learn to read and write.
For Example: they learn how to write by copying letters, and in role play children copy the way they have observed others behave in certain situation, reading stories, singing songs and rhymes, making animal sounds also the example of language development.
Play can also motivate children to broaden the scope of their actions and enhance their confidence as well as linguistic abilities.
“Introduction to Early Year Education ; Care” Author: Carolyn Meggitt.
Pg.no: 174, 175 & 176.
Work Shop Slides:
Ms. Lynne workshop slides (Development of young Children).