CHINHOYI UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY
SCHOOL OF BUSINESS SCIENCES AND BUSINESS MANAGEMENT
DEPARTMENT OF ENTREPRENEURSHIP
NAME : BROMAT
SURNAME : ROKI
PROGRAMME : BSBE
LEVEL : 2.1
COURSE : SMALL business
DUE : 19 OCTOBER 2018
Managers who attempt to manage without management science and art must put their trust to God, luck, intuition or what they did in the past “Yasin Olum”. To what extent is this assertion true to contemporary small business in Zimbabwe?
Management represents the key factor that propels the businesses and industries to attain growth and development. Thus management plays a major role within organizational society and also it’s a creative and competitive activity that continuously contributes to the shaping of the organization, giving no room for an organization to have non-productive managerial board which may somehow result from managers who attempt to manage without managerial knowledge which can be categorized into management science and art. Due to this reason this essay seek to justify how far true is the assertion that the manager who attempt to manage without management science and art should put their trust to G od, luck intuition and what they did on the past.
Definition of key terms
? According to F.W. Taylor management is the art of knowing what you want to do and then seeing that it is done in the best and cheapest way.
? It is the art of securing maximum results with minimum effort so as to secure maximum prosperity and happiness for both employer and employee and give the public the best possible service? (John Mee.)
• Science is a systematized body of knowledge of facts. It can establish cause-and-effect relationships among various factors. It involves basic principles, which are capable of universal application. Management is then be considered as science because it satisfies all these criterion of a science.
• Art is personal skill of business affairs. Art is characterized by practical knowledge, personal creativity and skill. The more one practices an art, the more professional one becomes. Management is then considered as an art because it satisfies all these criterion of an art.
• Intuition is an experienced-based process resulting in a spontaneous tendency toward a hunch or a hypothesis (Bower set al.,1990; Volz and Zander, 2014)
Management art requires practical knowledge and learning of a theory is not sufficient since art applies theory to the field which then becomes practical. This then encourage managers to be evolved with the work itself which simply mean that managers will be more valid for the managerial board position since by applying these theories the individual will be gaining personal skills; hence management art is very crucial to an organization or to the management of the business, compared when managers don’t have that practical knowledge. Lack of this practical knowledge will force managers to depend on luck which maybe more risk in the management of the organization since the planning maybe poor since managers don’t possess practical knowledge which is crucial in decision making. Due to this point it’s pretty clear that management art is valid to an organization.
A manager will not depend on his theoretical knowledge or solution alone. He or she must have some qualities that make him or her unique. This quality allows the manager the ability to deals with some of the problem’s the organization is likely to experience during its operations. That personal is the knowledge a manager accumulate in the field or it’s a natural quality one inherited or possesses from birth. Managers without that quality likely to survive with guess work, but this type of management is not safe for any organization to operate under hence mangers may obtain this skill through management art and science.
Again management art allows managers to be more creative in the managerial field, given the sense that art allow an artist which in this case is the manager to think outside the box and want to implement new ideas which is innovation in business. Creativeness allows managers want to put themselves into test by solving managerial problems and introducing new method of doing things in the organization and also gives an organization a competitive advantage in the sense that new ways of doing things or extra features will be added on the product which other competitor may not possess for examples in Zimbabwean mobile phones network providers such as Econet outweighs its competitors such as Netone and Telecel by providing better services than the other competitive companies provide.
Clear set of goals (goal oriented)
More so, due to management art and science the organization is likely to have a clear vision and probably be more goal oriented rather than when the organization is being controlled by managers who don’t have management science and art, who actually do not plan and don’t have a clear vision of what the organization is to achieve during what time, for example the organization can set its goals clear that maybe two upcoming years it has to expand into all the areas of Africa. This clear vision and goal oriented allows the managers to quickly identify where the organization is to make or improve so as to reach the targeted goal in that given period of time. In an organization without a clear vision the scenario will be different in the sense that it will be more difficult for the managers to copy since the goals are not clearly stated, hence managing without an organization without the management art and science lead an organization towards its extinction since the company may not clear identify its crippling problems.
Planning is the conscious determination of future course of action. This involves why an action, what action, how to take action, and when to take action. Thus, planning includes determination of specific objectives, determining projects and programs, setting policies and strategies, setting rules and procedures and preparing budgets. And if the organization management is characterized and science planning probably predict the future course in a more dependable manner rather than when it is being managed who depend on intuition, luck and past events in sense that everything is put forward considering the current situation thus the environment, market forces and competitors size. Planning with current data guarantee success better than the company planning is being backed by ones luck or intuition.
When people are available in the organization, they must know what they are expected to do in the organization. Superior managers fulfill this requirement by communicating to subordinates about their expected behavior. Once subordinates are oriented, the superiors have continuous responsibility of guiding and leading them for better work performance and motivating them to work with zeal and enthusiasm. Thus, directing includes communicating, motivating and leading. This is management science, thus the management that does not use or implement management science and art is likely to face directing problems since there will poor setup of things to which means anything can pop up anytime, this can somehow demotivate workers. Since workers according to other scholarly view they want work of this kind of doing workers will be demotivated since their duty on the organizations are not clear.
Management and leadership style
Management science is a systematized body of knowledge of facts, which means it also involves system in which an organization is supposed to use. When management attempt to run organization without consideration management science and art it clearly shows that company is somehow going to face management and leadership style problems, because such companies are likely to autocratic leadership style and also decision making is mostly centralized, and this may lead poor management and also poor decision Making in an organization which means the organization is likely to go through managerial that totally leaves the employees outside but they are part and parcel of the organization, this can cause problems for organization result from both managerial and employee department.
Communication in the organization
Management board that undergo through management science and art seem to value the way communication is done in the organization, so clear channels of communication is set for both managerial board and the employees so as to keep both parties communication channels operating effectively so as to reduce loss of resources, conflicts and slowing of production rates. Again this motivates both parties but if the organization does not consider management science and art, there is high chance of that organization having an effective channel of communication since what managers does or do can just change depending on the assumption of the manager responsible during that particular time.
However, to a lesser degree organization can operate without considering the factors of management science and art but surviving by the past records of the company, luck, intuition and also Gods putting their trust in God.
Managers sometimes does not require an science and art in decision making but by trusting the management boards instinct and studying the records of the past operations of the organization for example a clothing company such as Power sell and Edgas can use past records to determine which season of the year do the actually sell more products, due to this the company can actually determine the amount of products to produce and to whom the products are to be sold too and also for how much. Hence this point does show that even without considering management science and art the organization can still operate.
Size of the market
Sometimes management can just use the size of the market, to ran and make decision of the company for example a company maybe the sole provider of a product for example companies such as ZINWA (water) and ZESA (electrical power) which is the sole provider of their products. These companies do not need any management science or art since one way another they can run since they don’t face competition and their products are necessity for human survival.
In conclusion, anyone can own a business but not anyone can be a manager, and for one to be a be manager, one must understand and use management science and art to manage to control and manage an organization, like what has been supported by this essay since management science and art is the key factor for business success.
? Business Information Management: Improving Performance Using Information Systems. Pearson Education, Harlow, Essex, UK. 662 pp. COETZEE, J.C., VAN BEECK, W.C.B., and BUYS, A. 2011.
? The state of knowledge management within the pyrometallurgical industry. 5th International Business Conference, Mauritius, 27–28 September 2011.
? DAVENPORT, T. and PRUSAK, L. 2000. Working knowledge: How organizations manage what they know. Boston, Harvard Business School Press. 199 pp. DESOUZA, K.C. 2003.
? Facilitating tacit knowledge exchange. Communication of the ACM., vol.46, no. 6. pp. 85–88. DROEGE, S.B. and HOOBLER, J.M. 2003. Employee turnover and tacit knowledge diffusion: a network perspective. Journal of Managerial Issues, vol. 15, no. 1. pp. 50–64. DRUCKER,P .F. 1989. The New Realities. Transaction Publishers, New Jersey. p. 10.
? DRUCKER, P.F. 1993. From Capitalism to Knowledge Society. ButterworthHeinemann, Boston. pp. 15–34. DRUCKER, P.F. 2001. The Essential Drucker. HarperCollins, New York. p. 1. DRUCKER, P.F. 2003.
? The New Realities. Transaction publishers, New Jersey. p. 10. EUCKER, T.R. 2007. Understanding the impact of tacit knowledge loss. Knowledge Management Review, vol. 10, no. 1. pp. 10–13. FINESTONE, N. and SNYMAN. R. 2005.
? Corporate South Africa: making multicultural knowledge sharing work. Journal of Knowledge Management, vol. 9, no. 3.pp. 128-141. FISHER, C. 2007. Researching and Writing a Dissertation: A Guidebook for Business Students. 2nd edn. Pearson Education, Harlow, Essex. . 359 pp. FIELD, A. 2005.