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Background: Hepatitis B virus infection and its complications are major health problems. The purpose of this study was to investigate risk factors in patients with chronic hepatitis B.
Study design: A cross-sectional study.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed on 174 patients with chronic hepatitis B who referred to the Shahid Mohammadi hospital in the city of Bandar Abbas, Iran, during 2016 to 2017. Information was collected through a questionnaire.
Results: 174 persons (97 males, 77 females) with a mean age of 42.96 years. There was no significant relationship between the risk of having disease with gender, age, weight, height, waist circumference, hip circumference, BMI and WHR (P> 0.05). The frequency of exposure to risk factors are as follows: such as history of hairdressers, vaccination history, contact with suspected HBV persons, family history of HBV positive in patients had higher prevalence than other groups.
Conclusions: It seems to be more important to pay attention to lifestyles, jobs, and cultural themes of Iranian people that predispose people to risk factors so as to implement measures to control HBV spread. Also, awareness and social-health education in order to avoid unprotected sexual contact with an infected partner can be highly effective according to the high levels of hepatitis B infection among married persons. Despite existence of a long list of risk factors, various epidemiological studies with alternative methodologies along with analysis of risk factors in each separate area seems to be helpful in collecting information about transmission.

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