As English grows to be the language of both globalization and international communication, and to cope with the world, Algeria chooses this language rather than other foreign languages and integrates it in its national educational curriculum. As such; it is spoken by billions of natives and non-natives. As this chapter is devoted to teaching English as a foreign language in the Algerian secondary school context, it is essential to have a glance on the position of this language in the world in general and in Algeria in particular. Equally important is an understanding of the role and the status of English in this country’s educational system. However, first and foremost, to better understand the appearance of this foreign language in Algeria, an awareness of the language situation in this country is imperative.