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Also, cultural and behavioural explanations. This focuses on the behaviour and ways of living of those in low classes. Evidence suggests that individuals in lower classes are more likely to smoke and drink heavily, eat more junk food as well as not exercise efficiently. These can potentially cause chronic illness such as heart disease, diabetes or even cancer. On the other hand, many of these individuals smoke or drink in order to deal with their difficult position in society.
Lastly, material or structural explanations. This claims that social groups that have a short life expectancy, infant mortality is high and they suffer poor health is because of inequalities in wealth and income. Low incomes is linked to poor diets and housing as well as dangerous employment such as construction. These have led to differences in health.

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