Agriculture takes major role directly or indirectly in improving the economy of our country. In current every sector is competitive including agriculture, to compute agriculture sectors will also use information technology (IT) to achieve maximum benefits. Farmers in our country are poor in educational background and the traditional methods are dominating over the modern technology, in this dynamic environment, resulting in bad production rate.
The development of modern technologies from time to time is changing the way organizations handle their business process and the requirement to adopt these technologies is attractive to business organization to be competitive in the market. However, decision-makers are challenged when it moves toward the decision of accepting or not accepting these technologies. The decision to adopt new IT technologies for that matter is usually based on expert’s experiences, vendor’s recommendation, pre-adoption the analysis to determine whether that particular technology meets the strategic goal of the organization or not.
In Ethiopian there are various issues in technology and management, such as fewer agricultural technology service organizations and personnel, less required technical direction, mainly in the breeding, pollution-free crop cultivation and livestock breeding, soil testing, fertilizer, irrigation and soil improvement, meteorological observations and weather forecast were not enough technical support, most of farmers are in a state of blind conformity. Organizational form of production in agriculture is relatively simple, backward, and a low degree of specialization of agricultural production areas, it is difficult to achieve Integrating Agriculture. In addition, due to the limitations of the farmers at market forecasting, business decision-making, information gathering and logistics management capacity is more lacking; it often leads to a mismatch between the supply and demand, not only damages the farmers’ own interests, have also hindered the healthy development of the market supply and demand.
The main problem that this study focusses on lack of a collective purpose to collect information, lack of a formal mechanism to provide information for farming community, lack of an integrated system or mechanism to contain different services related to agriculture together, which mean service such as climate change, crop-related information, market status for crop, productivity, soil and pesticide detail, fertilizer information and so on. Hence, the aim of the study will be to answer the following research questions.
1. Is the current ICTthe usage strategy efficient in Ethiopian agriculture?
2. Could cloud computing is an alternative solution for effective ICT service provisioning strategy for agriculture?
3. Is it possible to develop a cloud-based framework that helps to integrate service related to agriculture?