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According to the oxford dictionary, Culture is the ideas, customs, and social behavior of a particular people or society, The attitudes and behavior characteristic of a particular social group. Culture is the characteristics of humans encompassing their language, their religion, their food, their social habits, their style of music and arts. Culture is our way of life, the way we do things, the way we believe in things. Culture has five characteristics: It is learned, shared, based on symbols, integrated, and dynamic. There are various different types of culture Consumer culture, folk culture, high culture, low culture, popular culture and mass culture. Each of these types describes different aspects of culture in society. Consumer culture can be defined as a culture where social status, values and activities are centered on the consumption. This is the act of buying goods or services. We can take for example how many people that are sporting new iPhone, and smart televisions. Culture which is usually expressed in an intellectual or artistic way is known as High Culture. It has a luxurious feel. Examples of High Cultures are going to the museum, listening to opera etc. High culture is the preserve of very few in society most of us would not be interested in. Mass culture is sometimes linked to Consumer Culture. The Media plays an active part in promoting Capitalism which helps society into being a consumer. The idea of mass culture is often based on Marxist theorists such as Marcuse and Adorno. We can take for example how much advertising that is done on the television daily somehow consumers seeing this repeatedly slowly becomes what they see, or purchase what they see, the also become passive members of a mass society, unable to think for themselves. Low culture incorporates popular culture and is linked to consumption by the majority of people. This form of culture is mainly experienced by working class and poorer individuals. It focuses on spending money or watching shows with easy to understand language. Popular culture refers to the pattern of cultural experiences and attitudes that exist in mainstream society. Popular culture can be linked to many other cultures listed above. It is accessible by different form of society therefore making it both for low and high elements of culture. Examples of popular culture are, soaps, tennis, romantic comedies and films, the news. Folk culture is of local customs and beliefs that directly reflect the lives and experiences of the people, such as folk songs and stories that are handed down from one society generation to the next. The main characteristics of folk culture, Folk culture are Authentic, created by ordinary people, associated with active participation, rooted in the experiences of ordinary people, Associated with pre-industrial societies and it’s also Traditional. An example of Folk culture in the Turks and Caicos Uncle Lou. Global culture is the idea that one global culture is emerging. In today’s world which it is evident Social forces that are created include electronic communications, the mass media, the news media, the internet, international businesses and banks.
Functionalists view society as a system in which all parts work or come together to create society as a whole. In this light, societies need culture to exist. For example, our culture gives our lives meaning and direction, giving us cues for what to do and how to live. It encourages us to work together to find resources to help us survive and to make connections with other people. Functionalists also study culture in terms of values. Education is an important concept in the Caribbean because it is valued almost every family sees the same value about education. It is almost the goal that is set for kids, to get an education. All cultures have behavioral norms, customs and even rituals that are unique.
Functionalist views culture and identity as shared cultural values, goals and norms which leads to value consensus which unites societies members, allowing it to function. Functionalist and Marxist see identity as originating in a fairly straightforward way from involvement in particular cultures and subcultures. Marx claimed that in class stratified societies culture can be seen as little more than ruling-class ideology. Like how the bourgeoisie would be interested in the opera. It is simply a view of the world advanced by the dominant class. Marx sees the proletariat suffering from false class consciousness their beliefs and culture are shaped by the ruling bourgeoisie. Marxist view culture and identity being characterized by class inequality and conflict. The bourgeoisie own and control the proletariat in order to make greater wealth even the cultural ideas and values that are dominated by ruling class culture. social institutions socialize the working class to accept the ruling class culture and therefore see their low status as normal.

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