Abstract Traffic jam has been one of the major concerns that biggest cities are facing in spite of measures being taken to moderate and reduce it

Traffic jam has been one of the major concerns that biggest cities are facing in spite of measures being taken to moderate and reduce it. In the recent past, traffic congestion has appeared as one of the main challenges for engineers, planners, and policymakers in urban areas. Modern social and economic structures, shaped by car-oriented urban development and rapid growth in vehicle ownership, have established congestion as an inescapable reality of urban life. The expanding impact of congestion is seen in terms of worsening urban air quality besides other adverse effects on quality of urban living, there are many different causes which case traffic jam and every cause of them has an individual solution that only operates among it

Cities like Dubai and Sharjah have to deal with thousands of cars running through their streets daily. Traffic congestion is a large problem for everyone living in the city. The main reasons why traffic congestion occurs are more cars, poor road superintendence, poor practices on behalf of employees, and unstudied well street ext.

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Increase in Number of Cars
The main reasons why there’s more congestion is due to the massive amount of vehicles on the road. The population of adults has been massively increasing, therefore more people want their own personal transport to get around with and most of the people has more than one car so do some families hires a driver for their kids. As the number of cars increases the chance of congestion also increases. That’s why in smaller towns and villages like Al Dhaid, and Al Madam congestion is almost unheard of. To solve this issue government needs to diminish the number of the cars owned by one family or by the person, and more than that the government should increase the number of public transportation and it should encourage people to use public transportation by different kind of ways like negotiating with families that uses a high amount of cars and replace it with other alternatives, encouraging people by giving awards to those who use alterantive solutions, that’s one kind of the prizes that was easy to come up with and its easy to figure up different types of prizes that will encourage and motivate people to use the public transportations in Sharjah. Other solutions that the government can encourage people to come up is to optimize the number of deliveries by buying online or great amounts instead of driving to the grocery shop every day and reduce the number of taxis on roads.

Lack of Proper Infrastructure
One of the other reasons is lack of proper infrastructure. Councils and national governments fail to act on the looming threat of heavy congestion until it happens. The city (Sharjah) doesn’t expand along with an increasing car-reliant population. A single street with a lane on each side before might not suffice in ten years after the population has increased. Authorities often fail to convert this into a dual carriageway. Alternate routes are also a problem. Cities have limited capacity to expand due to poor funding and planning restrictions preventing building on green belt spaces (Prosopis cineraria (Ghaf)). Sharjah Directorate of Town Planning and Survey are forced to work with the routes they already have. If they can’t increase the number of lanes it leads to congestion. The way to solve this problem is by planning for the future and put assumptions that the number of cars will increase a-lot in the coming years, and the authorities should consider that the old roads wont fit the coming years because the old roads was build to fit the year it was built in without considering the coming years, more than that authorities should start building roads that will replace the main roads and start to fix the main roads to contain this issue, and reduce the traffic by increasing the number of the main roads so the traffic will divide on the different main roads.

Alternate Routes
Alternate routes are also a problem. Cities have limited capacity to expand due to poor funding and planning restrictions preventing building on green belt spaces. Cities are forced to work with the routes they already have. If they can’t increase the number of lanes it leads to congestion. So the solution of this problem is to increase the number of lanes, but that’s not everything they should also move the green belt spaces to another place that will be the best place for the green belt so it won’t affect the traffic moving in the future.

Employers Are Part of The Traffic Jam
Employers can also play a part in dealing with congestion. Congestion almost always happens when people are traveling to and from work. So when Employers chooses 8:00 AM as the time works start for the employees, everybody is going to move from their houses between 6:00 AM and 7:00 AM so the main roads will be fully crowded at that time because most of the people will be on their way to the work. By adhering to the traditional 8-5 routines, there’s a greater chance of congestion. Everyone has to travel to and from work at the same time each day. The Employers should convert the traditional work hour system to the modern system that will let the work hour be more flexible, so the employees will be able to attend at the time that suits them and will leave when they finish their work hour so that way will decrease the traffic jam not just at the peak hours but it will decrease in the whole day, and it would help employees to manage their time more than they ever did before.

Lack of Public Transport
A lack of public transport, or poor public transport options, will also cause problems. If there isn’t enough buses, trams, or local trains people are forced to take their cars to work. The ratio of passengers to vehicles decreases, whereas if they were able to take the bus or metros or trains, people would feel less of a need to drive their cars. If Road and Transport Authority aims to shift trips away from cars, then attractive alternatives are required. Cycling and walking may be appropriate for the shorter distances, but transferring longer trips requires that a good quality public transport system is in place to ensure that the city can function efficiently. This means that Fares need to be low enough for poor people to be able to afford them, there must be sufficient vehicles for a frequent service to be run throughout the day, routes must reflect the dominant desire lines of the travelling public and there should be extensive spatial coverage of the city so that no one is very far from a public transport stop, speeds of buses need to be raised relative to cars by freeing them from congestion, It is not enough to provide public transport: it also has to be coordinated. Multi-modal tickets may be one essential ingredient of a functional urban transport system, but the key item is the integration of services by the provision of connections between modes.

Unstudied Street Exit
Unstudied street Exit will cause a ton of problems and different types of traffic perils such as accidents, congestion and unclearly road lines. The street exit is one of the major reasons of traffic, it might stop the main roads and commence an immense traffic that will effect the other roads that connect them with the main road and by that work hours the traffic jam commences, and it causes obscure road lines that will make car drivers perplexed so it might start an incident too, to solve this problem the authority should start separating the main roads from the exits that means that they should put something that will separate the exit road from the main road so who missed the exit road entrance can’t just come and enter from front or other places, so it won’t start a huge traffic that will need hours and hours to finish, but with this simple solution the exit issue will start to decrease, it’s right that some people may be pissed by this solution but it’s the better solution for this issue and there is a lot of benefits of it, so people should start thinking of the benefits of the solution and they will stop binge pissed by it.

Peregrinating to The Voluminous Cities
People from minuscule towns, villages, and countryside like (Al Dhaid and Al Madam) commenced to peregrinate to the sizably voluminous cities (Sharjah) because they will have more job opportunities, availability of accommodations and they will have a conventional life and they will feel more homogeneous to they are in the society. Regimes should commence caring more about the minuscule cities by offering more jobs, and availability of accommodations and high-quality roads and area, then they should engorge people to invest in the more minuscule cities and commence to build the city up so it can face the circumventing immensely colossal cities and so the denizens won’t commence absquatulating and peregrinating from the city. So this solution will make some people start peregrinating from the sizably voluminous cities to the minuscule cities and that will kind of reduce the traffic in the immensely colossal cities and will increment blissful percentage in the minute cities that will make them stay in the diminutive cities and they won’t peregrinate to the immensely colossal cities.

Biggest Industrial Area in The Middle East
Sharjah industrial area is one of the biggest and cheapest industrial areas in the middle east, that means that people from different areas and cities so do countries travels to Sharjah industrial area, and that causes a huge traffic jam that effaces the hole area and the city, and that is because the of the place of industrial area, it is in the main ingression of the city and the main exits from the city, and it is proximate to the neighborhoods areas, because of that it causes a traffic jam in both of the entering roads and the leaving roads, and in the neighborhoods areas, by that you will require at least if you were fortuitous one hour to reach the cessation because of the traffic jam there. The regime can solve this quandary by building a new industrial area far from the main roads, far from the entrance and the exits of the city and away from the neighborhoods by that the traffic on the entrance and the exits of the city will lower so do in the neighborhoods near the industrial area.

Housewares stores
Housewares stores places cause traffic jam because the most immense and the most frugal Housewares stores in the country are in Sharjah near Al Wahda Street it’s most frugal than Oman Housewares stores additionally, that’s why you can optically discern an abundance of Oman car plates there. Al Wahda Street is one of the main roads in Sharjah, and something like the biggest and the most inexpensive Housewares shop will cause a traffic jam there, for example, imagine all of the country denizens that need furniture or ceramics floors and some of Oman denizens cut all of the ways to Sharjah to buy some Housewares, sure there will be an immense traffic because of that. There are two solutions to this quandaries, the first solution is to transmute the stores locations so it be in a better place away from the main roads and neighborhood areas, and the second solution is to engorge the shops or stores to open incipient branches in other different places so the people will divide on the different branches that will make the traffic kineticism better and smoother.

Foggy Days Congestion
Fog can also be a reason that causes a traffic jam. When there is a fog and people start to go to their work or college or to take their kids to school and they can’t see the road because of the fog so being unable to see the road might cause accidents that will start a traffic jam in many different places in the city that will lead to a big traffic jam the whole city, solving this problem is kind of hard but it has many solutions, the first recommend solution is to order cars with front anti-fog camera that’s but cars with this feature will cost more money. The other solution is making flexible work hours on the foggy days so the people won’t be in a rush and would drive slower and safer. One of the solutions that were recommended is to send messages to the employees that ” it’s fog outside don’t drive fast and don’t rush to reach your destination safe ” something like that. Also one of the solutions is to produce more cars with intelligent fog light system same as Mercedes-Benz ; Audi cars.

Roundabouts are withal one of the main reasons for traffic in Sharjah, Sharjah is felled with roundabouts, in every 2 to 4 kilometer you will find a roundabout, what authentically transpires some of the drivers are terrified from roundabouts so when they reach one of them they commence to get nerves and trepidations, so they stop and reluct to enter the roundabout sure that thing will commence a traffic jam in the street and might cause a contingency. The Directorate of Town Planning and Survey in Sharjah start to face this issue by decrementing the numbers of roundabout and superseding them with an intersection of light signals so it makes everything more facile for the drivers, but they faced a quandary with the immensely colossal roundabouts like ” Al Kitab Roundabout ” they couldn’t just supersede it with an intersection of light signals so they just integrate a traffic light signals on the roundabout ingression and inside it to reduce the traffic jam and the trepidation of the drivers.

Bad Behavior While Driving
Texting, talking on the phone, fixing you headwear (Gatra), and putting makeup, doing these things while driving should be included under traffic jam reasons because it distracts the driver that will cause deviation from the track that will lead to an accident which will cause a traffic jam. The police should put strict laws which will deter them and reduce this kind of behaviors.

Aggressive and Timid Drivers
Aggressive and timid drivers cause traffic jams, While the underlying cause of a jam might be an accident, a bottleneck, or drivers simply changing lanes on busy roads, it is how the drivers react in the cars behind that causes traffic to slow to a halt. Researchers say aggressive motorists, who drive too fast and too close to the vehicle in front, or timid motorists, who leave too big a gap, send a “wave of deceleration” backward down the road until traffic grinds to a stop. Such behavior leads to the stop-start traffic jams which infuriate motorists. If all the drivers behaved the same way, then traffic would not come to a halt. But the researchers found that in real life situations, the behavior of aggressive and timid drivers led to the slowdown getting worse. The scientists, whose research appears in a special edition of the scientific journal Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, found that timid drivers had the biggest impact because they “shied away” when the car in front started slowing down and deliberately started driving even more slowly to increase the gap between them. This then led to cars further behind going more slowly.  Aggressive drivers also caused a speed to drop because they braked hard at the last moment to avoid driving into the car in front. They then had to drive more slowly to open up space again. This issue is not simple to solve, people that drive Aggressively and timidly should change their driving way and should sign up for some awareness of risky driving programs, and there is another solution is to choose a car that has autopilot like Tesla and Mercedes and some Toyota cars that can use computers to either take over control from motorists in dangerous situations or are completely robot controlled.

Curious Drivers
Curious drivers that stop to see or to take a photo of an accident increases the range of the traffic jam and that will effect everybody who is stuck in the same traffic. First of all, blocking the road to take a photo of a damaged car in the road is so rude and offensive and it may put you in a risk, beside that they disrespect the person who was effected by the accident they block the road and cause other drivers to get late to their point. To stop this thing, the policy should surround the accident area with a cover that the curious drivers will not be able to see the accident same as in the Untied Kingdom.

In conclusion, overpopulation is mainly prompted by a desire for people to drive their cars linked with a failure by local government to act. If they invested in more affordable public transport alternatives and a better foundation the rate of overcrowding would decrease in major cities.


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