Abstract – Following the high rate of theft and kidnapping in some parts of Nigeria, deploying a home security alarm system to fight the menace of theft and kidnapping especially with the development of technology will make it so easy to secure our homes. The home alarm system is able to control and monitor our homes from intruders. The main aim of this paper is to review some related literature on home security system, its challenges and importance of deploying it in our homes for security purpose.
Keywords— Home Security, Alarm, Theft, kidnapping, Technology, Menace, System
Recently, home monitoring and security systems have become widespread. One of the reasons for the rise, is the growing risk of crime and robbery and the demanding lifestyle of people in Nigeria. Many homes are battered mainly by force entry through illegal entry either through breaking a window, cutting a celling or entering from a locked door or an open window 1. Case studies shows that most burglars are cut off by the simple presence of an alarm system in a home. Thieves attack far more vulnerable buildings than those guarded by alarm system. The advancement of alarm systems began with the formation of man. To give warning information, humans adopt a form of gesture, scream and noise. This was later replaced by the applause of hands and the ingraining of gongs to warn society or to spread a particular information in the early periods of African society zugeru. All these warning methods are rudimentary, undependable and disorganized.
With development in technology, these rudimentary techniques of creating alarm were changed by automated alarm systems in the late eighteenth century zungeru. These electronic alarm systems work without any human effort. When it detects a certain signal, it gives a warning of high sound or noise depending on its design 3. The first electronic fire alarm system was developed by William F. Channing. An electrical engineer, Mr. Moses G. Farmer fabricated the structure 4. This system uses automatic signal boxes to designate the location of the fire and was first used in Boston, United States of America (U.S.A). Dr. William’s development of this alarm system was followed by the advancement of numerous complex and sophisticated fire and burglar alarm technology that are too many to discuss. Important among these technologies is the remote signaling burglar alarm. This system was invented in the early 1970’s 2. This provided a quick artistic response to alarm calls.