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2.3. Prevalence of Child Children Trafficking
Child migration as one mode of human movement is not uncommon phenomena throughout the world. Children as the integral part of human beings subjected to displace from their local environment to other areas for one or more reasons. An investigation under taken in Nepal by Singh cited in Gautam (2005) stated as the movement of human beings are observable from place to place since the beginning of human life, possessing a long lasting event due to interrelated dynamic factors that belong to social, economic, psychological, political ,institutional and/or more due to pushing or pulling incidents.
Likewise child migration, child trafficking is a global phenomenon that afflicts national advancement, and draws the attention of international communities in order to remediate its persistence. It is the conviction of several scholars that involves smuggling human beings especially women and children from place to place without the consent of the person.
According to UN Convention (2000) stated under Article 3, child trafficking seems to encompassthe whole processes that may endanger children and their life whether the negotiations, the forces utilized, the mechanisms of transportation and other activities and attempts to pursue the objective. The problem, child trafficking, describes a pattern of human rights violation saffecting at least one million children today – probably many more. It is more concerned withthe business of taking children away from their homes and families, transporting themelsewhere, often across frontiers and even to other continents, to be put to use by others,usually to make money (Dottridge, 2004;Plan Togo, 2005).
According to a survey conducted for this research in co-operation with UNICEF country offices and in consultation with many local stakeholders, trafficking is a recognized problem in at least 49 per cent of African countries. The number of countries reporting trafficking in children is two times the number of the countries reporting trafficking in women. In all the countries reporting trafficking in women, child trafficking is also reported. The survey shows that child trafficking is usually perceived as more severe than trafficking in women.In West and Central Africa trafficking is recognized as a problem in more than 70 percent of countries. In more than one in three countries in the region the problem is perceived as severe or very severe. In East and Southern Africa trafficking is identified as a problem in some 33 percent of countries

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